Detail View: JCB Archive of Early American Images: cochenille.

Accession number: 
04684
Record number: 
04684-44
JCB call number: 
Codex Fr 1
Image title: 
cochenille.
Place image published: 
[France?]
Image date: 
[1602?]
Image function: 
illustration; recto leaf 25
Technique: 
painting, manuscript
Image dimension height: 
8.4 cm.
Image dimension width: 
15.5 cm.
Page dimension height: 
30.1 cm.
Page dimension width: 
20.5 cm.
Materials medium: 
ink, watercolor
Materials support: 
paper
Languages: 
French
Description: 
Plant with blue flowers and red berries.
Source creator: 
Champlain, Samuel de
Source Title: 
Brief discours des choses plus remarquables que Samuel Champlain de Brouage √° reconneues aux Indes occidentales
Source place of publication: 
[France?]
Source date: 
[1602?]
notes: 
The text describes the fruit and seeds of the cochineal plant which is used for making dye in Mexico. In reality, cochineal is made from the bodies of a scale insect which feeds on prickly pear (opuntia) cactus. The Spanish government, anxious to keep a monopoly on this valuable dye, encouraged misinformation on the production of cochineal. The manuscript, attributed to Champlain, describes his voyage sailing with a Spanish fleet to the Caribbean in 1599 to 1600.
Time Period: 
1601-1650
References: 
Wilmere, A. Narrative of a voyage to the West Indies, p. 25
Provenance/Donor: 
Acquired in 1884.
Owner and copyright: 
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
geographic area: 
Spanish America
Subject Area: 
Flora and fauna
Subject headings: 
Natural history--Mexico