Detail View: JCB Archive of Early American Images: Astrolabium. Americus Vespuccius, cum quattuor Stellis crucem silente nocte repperit.

Accession number: 
95-12
Record number: 
95-12
JCB call number: 
Ho600 S895a
Image title: 
Astrolabium. Americus Vespuccius, cum quattuor Stellis crucem silente nocte repperit.
Creator 1: 
Jan van der Straet
Creator 1 dates: 
1523-1605
Creator 1 role: 
invent.
Creator 2: 
Hans Collaert
Creator 2 dates: 
1566-1628
Creator 2 role: 
Sculp.
Creator 3: 
Philippe Galle
Creator 3 dates: 
1537-1612
Creator 3 role: 
excudit
Place image published: 
[Amsterdam]
Image date: 
[ca. 1600]
Image function: 
print
Technique: 
engraving
Image dimension height: 
18.3 cm.
Image dimension width: 
27.1 cm.
Page dimension height: 
19.9 cm.
Page dimension width: 
27.7 cm.
Materials medium: 
ink
Materials support: 
paper
Languages: 
Latin, Italian
Description: 
Vespucci studies the measurement of the earth's sphere by observing the constellation of the Southern Cross while his crew sleeps. At left is a portrait of Dante Alighieri who wrote of the Southern Cross in the Purgatory section of his Divine Comedy. Artifacts include navigational tools, such as a quadrant, dividers, and armillary sphere, a crucifix, inkwells, a chest, swords, ship, and boat.
Source creator: 
Straet, Jan van der, 1523-1605
Source Title: 
Nova reperta
Source place of publication: 
Antwerp
Source date: 
[ca. 1600]
notes: 
Vespucci's observations during his voyage to the New World in 1499 caused him to believe that the "West India" that Columbus discovered was actually part of a new continent. Vespucci reported seeing the Southern Cross during his voyage of 1502 and recorded that he was the first European to see the stars of which Dante wrote. The source of Dante's knowledge about the Southern Cross has not been documented. Straet, also known as Joannes [or Johannes] Stradanus, compiled a series of prints under the title, Nova reperta, in the late sixteenth century. This print here held separately.
Time Period: 
1492-1600
Provenance/Donor: 
Acquired in 1995.
Owner and copyright: 
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
Commentary: 
geographic area: 
Brazil
Subject Area: 
Artifacts, industry, and human activities
Subject headings: 
Southern sky (Astronomy)