JCB Archive of Early American Images
JCB call number:
J696 Z98t / 2-SIZE
Franzosenholz. Lignum Guajacum.
Place image published:
illustration; p. 212
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Part of a branch of the guaiacum or lignum-vitae tree.
Zwinger, Theodor, 1658-1724
Theatrum botanicum, das ist: Neu vollkommenes Kräuter-Buch, worinnen allerhand Erdgewächse der Bäumen, Stauden und Kraütern, welche in allen vier Theilen der Welt, sonderlich aber in Europa herfür kommen ...
Source place of publication:
gedruckt und verlegt durch Jacob Bertsche
Guaiacum officinale, lignum-vitae, lignum sanctum, lignum Indicum, guaycanum, or guayacan is native to tropical America, especially to the Antilles, but it is also found in Brazil, Venezuela, and Colombia. Guaiacum was first introduced to Europe by Spaniards in 1508.Authorship according to British Museum (Natural History): This is based on Verzascha's edition of Pier Andrea Mattioli's "De Plantis Epitome utilissima..." from Verona, 1586, but so much altered and extended as practically to constitute a new work. Illustrated with about 1200 annotated woodcuts in the text by Gesner/ Camerarius (Iochino Camerario) originally used by Mattioli. Gesner had been preparing material for a massive historia plantarum but died before finishing the task. Camerarius acquired the material, utilized the woodcuts and supplemented them with his own designs. The woodcuts are remarkable in their scientific detail especially in the enlarged depictions of floral structure, seeds, and fruit. First appearing in 1586, these woodcuts became a convention in scientific botanical illustration. Zwinger was professor of physics and botany at Basel.
Acquired in 1987.
Owner and copyright:
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
Flora and fauna
Natural history--Caribbean area
Natural history--South America
Medicinal plants--South America
Medicinal plants--Caribbean area