JCB Archive of Early American Images
JCB call number:
D797 L222d / 1-SIZE
Leaves of the Bark Tree, of Tecamez.
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Place image published:
[B. and J. White]
fold-out plate 11; following p. 30
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Branch of the so-called bark tree with its leaves.
Lambert, Aylmer Bourke, 1761-1842
A description of the genus Cinchona, comprehending the various species of vegetables from which the Peruvian and other barks of a similar quality are taken. Illustrated by figures of all the species hitherto discovered. ...
Source place of publication:
Printed for B. and J. White, at Horace's Head, Fleet-Street.
This plant was found by D. Brown on the coast of Peru and Ecuador, particularly in the province of Quito. It may be Cinchona officinalis. Tecamez was a native American village near Quito. Brown found it more efficacious than the Peruvian bark then used in Europe. Cinchona, native to the Andean highlands from Bolivia to Colombia and to parts of Panama and Costa Rica, was named in honor of the countess of Chinchón who, legend says, was cured of a fever in 1638 by a preparation of the bark. There are about 40 species of the tree. The bark is also known as Jesuit's bark and Peruvian bark.Lambert was a British botanist and one of the first members of the Linnaean Society. He is best known for his description of the genus Pinus; the genus Lambertia is named for him. Some of the species of cinchona are described from examples in the herbarium of Sir Joseph Banks. Ferdinand L. Bauer (1760-1826) was an Austrian botanical and zoological artist. The engraver is probably Inigo Barlow (active 1790).Image placed horizontally on page.
Former collection of Edward Duke. Acquired in 1944.
Owner and copyright:
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
Flora and fauna
Natural history--South America
Medicinal plants--South America