Detail View: JCB Archive of Early American Images: Cinchona lineata.

Accession number: 
29604
Record number: 
29604-5
JCB call number: 
D797 L222d / 1-SIZE
Image title: 
Cinchona lineata.
Creator 1: 
J. Barlow
Creator 1 role: 
sculpt.
Place image published: 
[London]
Image publisher: 
[B. and J. White]
Image date: 
[1797]
Image function: 
fold-out plate 6; following p. 26
Technique: 
stipple engraving
Image dimension height: 
25 cm.
Image dimension width: 
16.1 cm.
Page dimension height: 
28.6 cm.
Page dimension width: 
39.3 cm.
Materials medium: 
ink
Materials support: 
paper
Description: 
Branch of the Cinchona lineata tree with flowers and leaves.
Source creator: 
Lambert, Aylmer Bourke, 1761-1842
Source Title: 
A description of the genus Cinchona, comprehending the various species of vegetables from which the Peruvian and other barks of a similar quality are taken. Illustrated by figures of all the species hitherto discovered. ...
Source place of publication: 
London
Source publisher: 
Printed for B. and J. White, at Horace's Head, Fleet-Street.
Source date: 
M.DCC.XCVII. [1797]
notes: 
This species is now known as Exostema lineatum and is native to the Domincan Republic. Cinchona, native to the Andean highlands from Bolivia to Colombia and to parts of Panama and Costa Rica, was named in honor of the countess of Chinchón who, legend says, was cured of a fever in 1638 by a preparation of the bark. There are about 40 species of the tree. The bark is also known as Jesuit's bark and Peruvian bark.Lambert was a British botanist and one of the first members of the Linnaean Society. He is best known for his description of the genus Pinus; the genus Lambertia is named for him. Some of the species of cinchona are described from examples in the herbarium of Sir Joseph Banks. The engraver is probably Inigo Barlow (active 1790).Image placed horizontally on page.
Time Period: 
1751-1800
Subject matter: 
quinine
References: 
http://www.illustratedgarden.org/mobot/rarebooks/taxa.asp?relation=QK495F270L351797 (May 2007)
Provenance/Donor: 
Former collection of Edward Duke. Acquired in 1944.
Owner and copyright: 
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
geographic area: 
Caribbean Islands
Subject Area: 
Flora and fauna
Subject headings: 
Medicinal plants--Hispaniola
Subject headings: 
Natural history--Hispaniola
Subject headings: 
Cinchona
Subject headings: 
Botany--Hispaniola