JCB Archive of Early American Images
JCB call number:
D797 L222d / 1-SIZE
Creator 1 role:
Place image published:
[B. and J. White]
fold-out plate 6; following p. 26
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Branch of the Cinchona lineata tree with flowers and leaves.
Lambert, Aylmer Bourke, 1761-1842
A description of the genus Cinchona, comprehending the various species of vegetables from which the Peruvian and other barks of a similar quality are taken. Illustrated by figures of all the species hitherto discovered. ...
Source place of publication:
Printed for B. and J. White, at Horace's Head, Fleet-Street.
This species is now known as Exostema lineatum and is native to the Domincan Republic. Cinchona, native to the Andean highlands from Bolivia to Colombia and to parts of Panama and Costa Rica, was named in honor of the countess of Chinchón who, legend says, was cured of a fever in 1638 by a preparation of the bark. There are about 40 species of the tree. The bark is also known as Jesuit's bark and Peruvian bark.Lambert was a British botanist and one of the first members of the Linnaean Society. He is best known for his description of the genus Pinus; the genus Lambertia is named for him. Some of the species of cinchona are described from examples in the herbarium of Sir Joseph Banks. The engraver is probably Inigo Barlow (active 1790).Image placed horizontally on page.
Former collection of Edward Duke. Acquired in 1944.
Owner and copyright:
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
Flora and fauna