Detail View: JCB Archive of Early American Images: Eskimaux Building a Snow-hut.

Accession number: 
02296
Record number: 
02296-30
JCB call number: 
D824 P265j / 1-SIZE
Image title: 
Eskimaux Building a Snow-hut.
Creator 1: 
George Francis Lyon
Creator 1 dates: 
1795-1832
Creator 1 role: 
Drawn by
Creator 2: 
Edward Francis Finden
Creator 2 dates: 
1791-1857
Creator 2 role: 
Engraved by
Place image published: 
London
Image publisher: 
John Murray
Image date: 
1824
Image function: 
plate; vol. 2, following p. 498
Technique: 
steel engraving
Image dimension height: 
14.4cm.
Image dimension width: 
20.7 cm.
Page dimension height: 
27.1 cm.
Page dimension width: 
20.5 cm.
Materials medium: 
ink
Materials support: 
paper
Description: 
Three native American Inuit construct dwellings made of blocks of snow. Includes dogs and spears or harpoons.
Source creator: 
Parry, William Edward, Sir, 1790-1855
Source Title: 
Journal of a second voyage for the discovery of a north-west passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific; performed in the years 1821-22-23, in his Majesty's ships Fury and Hecla, under the orders of William Edward Parry, ...
Source place of publication: 
London
Source publisher: 
John Murray, Publisher to the Admiralty, and Board of Longitude.
Source date: 
MDCCCXXIV. [1824]
notes: 
These snow huts were the winter dwellings of the Inuit. Parry describes the method of their building.William Parry's first independent expedition to find a northwest passage left in 1819 to try to meet John Franklin coming over land. His ships were the first British ones to enter the Arctic Archipelago, and he was the first to reach 110o W longitude. He stayed on Melville Island (named for Viscount Melville) until August 1, 1820, sailed a little farther south and west, then returned to England. He proved that it was possible to winter over in the Arctic and showed that one would have to navigate through an archipelago to find a northwest passage. The second expedition left in April of 1821; two winters were passed in the Arctic and much knowledge of the Inuit was gained, but ice blocked any discovery of a passage.Image placed horizontally on page.
Time Period: 
1801-1850
Subject matter: 
Eskimo
Provenance/Donor: 
Acquired before 1874.
Owner and copyright: 
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
geographic area: 
Arctic
Subject Area: 
Artifacts, industry, and human activities
Subject Area: 
Indigenous peoples
Subject headings: 
Inuit--Dwellings