JCB Archive of Early American Images
JCB call number:
D824 P265j / 1-SIZE
Eskimaux Chart. No. 2 The shaded parts drawn by Iligliuk at Winter Island 1822.
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plate; vol. 2, following p. 198
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Map or chart of the coast of part of the Northwest Territories in present-day Canada. Cartographic elements include names of geographical locations, topographical features, geological notations, comments on hunting, and routes usually taken by the Inuit.
Parry, William Edward, Sir, 1790-1855
Journal of a second voyage for the discovery of a north-west passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific; performed in the years 1821-22-23, in his Majesty's ships Fury and Hecla, under the orders of William Edward Parry, ...
Source place of publication:
John Murray, Publisher to the Admiralty, and Board of Longitude.
This was the second map drawn by an Inuit woman who was the first native American to be asked by members of the expedition to do so. Unshaded parts of the map were provided to her by Parry's crew. The Inuit who arrived at Parry's camp in 1822 told him of a strait to the west that he hoped would lead to a northwest passage.William Parry's first independent expedition to find a northwest passage left in 1819 to try to meet John Franklin coming over land. His ships were the first British ones to enter the Arctic Archipelago, and he was the first to reach 110o W longitude. He stayed on Melville Island (named for Viscount Melville) until August 1, 1820, sailed a little farther south and west, then returned to England. He proved that it was possible to winter over in the Arctic and showed that one would have to navigate through an archipelago to find a northwest passage. The second expedition left in April of 1821; two winters were passed in the Arctic and much knowledge of the Inuit was gained, but ice blocked any discovery of a passage.
Acquired before 1874.
Owner and copyright:
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
Geography, maps, city views and plans