Detail View: JCB Archive of Early American Images: 3a Tezxatlipuca ydolo de la penitencia y su templo.

Accession number: 
Record number: 
JCB call number: 
Codex Ind 2
Image title: 
3a Tezxatlipuca ydolo de la penitencia y su templo.
Place image published: 
Image date: 
[ca. 1585]
Image function: 
plate; verso leaf 124
Image dimension height: 
18.1 cm.
Image dimension width: 
12.8 cm.
Page dimension height: 
21 cm.
Page dimension width: 
15.2 cm.
Materials medium: 
Materials support: 
Spanish, Nahuatl
Tezcatlipoca seated on a basketwork throne in his temple. He holds a shield with the five directions of space and three arrows, as well as a spear. He wears a red cloak covered with skulls and bones and his hair contains white feathers.
Source creator: 
Tovar, Juan de, ca. 1546-ca. 1626
Source Title: 
Historia de la benida de los yndios apoblar a Mexico de las partes remotas de Occidente los sucessos y perigrinaçiones del camino su gouierno, ydolos y templos dellos, ritos y cirimonias ... calandarios delos tiempos
Source place of publication: 
Source date: 
ca. 1585
Tezcatlipoca, or "Smoking Mirror," was an omnipresent and omnipotent god, the god of the night sky and memory. Here he carries the same shield as Huitzilopochtli, the god of the sun and war. The volutes on his temple represent butterflies or fallen soldiers. White feathers were placed in the hair of sacrificial victims. The Tovar manuscript is divided into three sections. This second section of the manuscript--an illustrated history of the Aztecs--is essentially the same as the Codex Ramírez and forms the main body of the manuscript.
Time Period: 
Lafaye, J. Manuscript Tovar, p. 281; Gruzinski, S. Painting the Conquest, p. 61-64
Acquired from the collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps in 1946.
Owner and copyright: 
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
geographic area: 
Spanish America
Subject Area: 
Artifacts, industry, and human activities
Subject Area: 
Indigenous peoples
Subject headings: 
Mexico--History--To 1519
Subject headings: 
Indians of Mexico
Subject headings: 
Aztec gods