JCB Archive of Early American Images
JCB call number:
Codex Ind 2
12a. Motecuçuma primero deste nombre. 6o Rey.
Place image published:
plate; leaf 109
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Moctezuma I, holding a spear or scepter and standing on a reed mat and next to a basket-work throne is offered a crown with gold ornaments by a priest wearing the robe of the sun god. Next to him is his symbol of an arrow which strikes a starry night. Moctezuma is shown with an epaulette of quetzal feathers and a bone through his nose.
Tovar, Juan de, ca. 1546-ca. 1626
Historia de la benida de los yndios apoblar a Mexico de las partes remotas de Occidente los sucessos y perigrinaçiones del camino su gouierno, ydolos y templos dellos, ritos y cirimonias ... calandarios delos tiempos
Source place of publication:
Moctezuma I (reigned 1440-1469), whose name means "lord who shows anger," the sixth Aztec emperor, whose name means the angry lord, was Itzcól's nephew. He is thought to be given his crown here by Nezahualcoyotl, ruler of Texcoco, and ally of Moctezuma who is wearing the cloak of Tonatiuh, the sun god. Acamapichtli, the first of the Aztec dynasty, and his successor, Axayacatl, are the only other emperors shown with crowns having gold ornaments in the Tovar manuscript. The bone through Moctezuma's nose is said to symbolize man according to the tradition of the Texcoco. Image is placed horizontally on page. The Tovar manuscript is divided into three sections. This second section of the manuscript--an illustrated history of the Aztecs--is essentially the same as the Codex Ramírez and forms the main body of the manuscript.
Lafaye, J. Manuscript Tovar, p. 261
Acquired from the collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps in 1946.
Owner and copyright:
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
Artifacts, industry, and human activities
Indians of Mexico
Aztecs--Kings and rulers--Mythology