JCB Map Collection
B546 / 2 Ms. /OVERSIZE
[Early representation of Newfoundland, Lower California, the Amazon, and the Ladrones]
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manuscript, hand coloring
Map of North and South America. Cartographic elements include compass roses, rhumb lines, and scales, location of harbors and some rivers. Decorative elements include ships, windheads, views of towns, mountains, and trees. Includes flags showing the possessions of European claimants to America.
John Carter Brown Library, Annual Report, 1948, p. 6-12
This map is one of the earliest to show the results of Spanish exploration of North and South America. Francisco de Orellana's expedition of 1539 to 1542 is shown in South America. Orellana began his voyage at Quito, traveled across the Andes to the headwaters of the Amazon, and was the first European to make the descent of the Amazon River. He named the river after the Amazons of Greek myth after he and his men encountered a tribe of women warriors.This map has been attributed to António Pereira, a Portuguese seaman, and was originally in three parts (the other two parts have not been found).