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1657
PROGNOSTIC MERVEILLEUX, Sur …
War of Devolution.
[Paris].
Title PROGNOSTIC MERVEILLEUX, Sur l'estrange maladie du sieur Dom Diego Davalos.
Image technique Etching.
Narrative description Greedy Spain, attended by France, Holland, Sweden, England, etc.,vomits her ill-gotten possessions. Images include: America as an Indian, Asia as a woman, Britain as a cavalier, Conscience as a prostrate ghost, Europe as a woman, France as a cavalier, France as a surgeon, Holland as a sailor, Italy as a cavalier, Spain as Don Diego Davalos, Sweden as a cavalier, Sweden as a doctor.
Subject War of Devolution.
1720
The BUBBLERS bubbl'd or the …
South Sea Bubble
[London]. Sold by the Prints …
Title The BUBBLERS bubbl'd or the DEVIL take the HINDMOST
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Investment schemes. Images include: the Amsterdam stock exchange, investors.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1737
THE EUROPEAN RACE HEAT 1.st …
European balance of power
[London]. Publish'd accordin …
Title THE EUROPEAN RACE HEAT 1.st ANNO DOM. MDCCXXXVII Humbly inscrib'd to ye Politicians of Great Britain, France, Spain, Rusia, Turky, Germany, Italy Holland and Corsica, by their most Obedient Servant. An Englishman
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A race with England in last place. Criticism of Horace Walpole's supposed intrigue with France. References to Spanish depredations on English ships and cruelties inflicted upon Englishmen by the Spanish. Images include: Europe, Asia, Africa, and America as judges, Britain as a tethered bulldog, Britain as a lion, the Devil, Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury of France as a fox, Holland riding a boar, King of Hungary riding an eagle, Russia as a bear, Winged Time, Turkey on an elephant.
Subject European balance of power
1738
THE EUROPEAN RACE
European balance of power
[London]. Publish'd accordin …
Title THE EUROPEAN RACE
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A race with England in last place at Gilbratar. Criticism of Horace Walpole's supposed intrigue with France. References to Spanish depredations on English ships and cruelties inflicted upon Englishmen by the Spanish. Images include: Europe, Asia, Africa, and America as judges, Britain as a saddled lion, the dogs of Europe fighting over spoils with the true English breed [a mastiff] separated and facing away from the action, the Devil, Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury of France as a fox, Holland riding a boar, King of Hungary riding an eagle, Russia as a bear, Winged Time, Turkey on an elephant, King Theodore the 1st thrown from his horse, and the Pope (the monkey) on the distance post wears the papal crown or tiara. The British navy stands idle in the harbor.
Subject European balance of power
1738
THE EUROPEAN RACE
European balance of power
[London]. Publish'd accordin …
Title THE EUROPEAN RACE
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A race with England in last place at Gilbratar. Criticism of Horace Walpole's supposed intrigue with France. References to Spanish depredations on English ships and cruelties inflicted upon Englishmen by the Spanish. Images include: Europe, Asia, Africa, and America as judges, Britain as a saddled lion, the dogs of Europe fighting over spoils with the true English breed [a mastiff] separated and facing away from the action, the Devil, Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury of France as a fox, Holland riding a boar, King of Hungary riding an eagle, Russia as a bear, Winged Time, Turkey on an elephant, King Theodore the 1st thrown from his horse, and the Pope (the monkey) on the distance post does not wear the papal crown or tiara. The British navy stands idle in the harbor.
Subject European balance of power
1739
THE EUROPEAN RACE HEAT IIId. …
European balance of power
[London]. According to the l …
Title THE EUROPEAN RACE HEAT IIId. ANNO DOM. MDCCXXXIX. Inscrib'd to the Greatest Politician in Europe, By his most Obedt. Humble Servt. An Englishman.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description A race course near the seashore. Criticism of the Treaty of Pardo, which left undecided the question of France's right to search British ships navigating in American waters. Images include: Europe, Asia, Africa, and America as judges, Emperor of Austria-Hungary as as an eagle, Britain as a bulldog, Britain as a saddled lion led by an ape, British navy idle, the Devil, Elizabeth I, Queen of England, Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury as "Universal Monarchy", Fort Mahon, France as a monkey, Russia as a bear, Spain riding a wolf, Turkey on an elephant.
Subject European balance of power
1740
THE EUROPEAN STATE JOCKIES R …
European balance of power Wa …
[London]
Title THE EUROPEAN STATE JOCKIES Running a Heat for the BALLANCE OF POWER, with various designs adapted for the Year 1740.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description A race by the seashore. Britain challenges Spain in the West Indies. Images include: America, Africa, Europe, and Asia as judges, Russia on a bear, Turkey on an elephant, Sultan of Turkey, scales of power, Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury, Spain thrown from a wolf, British lion, Holland smoking a pipe accompanied by a hog laden with merchandise, Elector of Bavaria, King of Hungary on an eagle, Captain Robert Jenkins with his severed ear.
Subject European balance of power War of Jenkins' Ear
1740
The EVIL GENIUS of ENGLAND R …
War of Jenkins' Ear
[London]
Title The EVIL GENIUS of ENGLAND Represented in Several SCENES relating to the War
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Ineffectiveness of English response to Spain is ascribed to "evil genius" and incompetent statesmen whose positions were attained by privilege. Images include: "evil genius", Admiral Edward Vernon, British politicians, British people.
Subject War of Jenkins' Ear
1755
BRITISH RESENTMENT or the FR …
Seven Years' War
[London]. Publishd According …
Title BRITISH RESENTMENT or the FRENCH fairly COOPT at Louisbourg
Image technique Etching, colored
Narrative description Celebration of British victories over France in North America. English blockade of Louisbourg, Nova Scotia. Images include: America as an Indian, Britannia, Britain as a lion, British coat-of-arms, French coat-of-arms, France as a cock, the "people of France" as politicians, people of Louisbourg, caged, Mars, Neptune, Niagara Falls, British sailors, British soldiers, British navy, English rose, thriving, French lily dying.
Subject Seven Years' War
1755
BRITISH RESENTMENT or the FR …
Seven Years' War
[London]. Publishd According …
Title BRITISH RESENTMENT or the FRENCH fairly COOPT at Louisbourg
Image technique Etching, colored
Narrative description Celebration of British victories over France in North America. English blockade of Louisbourg. Images include: America as an Indian, Britannia, Britain as a lion, British coat-of-arms, French coat-of-arms, France as a cock, the "people of France" as politicians, people of Louisbourg, caged, Mars, Neptune, Niagara Falls, British sailors, British soldiers, British navy, English rose, thriving, French lily dying.
Subject Seven Years' War
1755
BRITAIN'S RIGHTS maintaind, …
Seven Years' War
[London]. Publishd According …
Title BRITAIN'S RIGHTS maintaind, or FRENCH AMBITION dismantled. Addrest to the Laudable Societys of ANTI-GALICANS, The generous Promoters of British Arts & Manufactories By ... a lover of His country.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Celebration of British victories in North America. Images include: America as an Indian, Britain as Jack Tar, Britain as a lion, Britannia, France as a cock, "genius" of France as a politician, France as a weeping woman, Mars, Neptune, British people celebrating.
Subject Seven Years' War
1755
THE THREE RENOWNED HIBERNIAN …
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title THE THREE RENOWNED HIBERNIAN HEROES
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Celebration of the victories of William Blakeney, Sir Peter Warren, and Sir William Johnson.
Subject Seven Years' War
1755
THE GRAND MONARQUE in a Frig …
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title THE GRAND MONARQUE in a Fright: Or the BRITISH LION rous'd from his Lethargy
Image technique Etching
Narrative description British confrontation with France over North America. Images include: M. de Argenson [perhaps Marc-Pierre de Voyer de Paulmy d'Argenson], Britain as a lion, Britannia, Jacques-Pierre de Taffanel, Marquis de la Jonquière (French governor of New France), Louis XV, King of France (1715-1774), British navy, Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle.
Subject Seven Years' War
1756
[An effigy of an unpopular m …
British political scene
[London]
Title [An effigy of an unpopular minister being led to the gallows on horseback].
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Fall of the Newcastle and Fox administration, (November 1756). Images include: London street mob.
Subject British political scene
1756
THE ENGLISH LION DISMEMBER'D …
Seven Years' War
[London]. Publish'd accordin …
Title THE ENGLISH LION DISMEMBER'D Or the Voice of the Public for an enquiry into the loss of Minorca–with Adl. B[yn]g's plea before his Examiners.
Image technique Etching, colored
Narrative description Assigning the blame for British territorial losses. British reaction to the loss of Minorca and to French encroachment in North America. Court martial of Admiral John Byng. Images include: Great Britain s a lion, Lord Mayor of London, Hanoverian soldiers, France as a cock shredding the British flag, British people, English politicians, French politicians.
Subject Seven Years' War
1756
A COURT CONVERSATION
British political scene
[London]
Title A COURT CONVERSATION
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Fall of Newcastle and Fox administration (November 1756). Images include: Admiral George Anson as a goose, Admiral John Byng hung in effigy, Hardwicke, ?, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox, Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle, seige of Port Mahon, Baron George Lyttelton, map of North America.
Subject British political scene
1756
A Nurse for the Hess[ia]ns
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title A Nurse for the Hess[ia]ns
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Hessian mercenaries hired to help protect England in the event of a French invasion will strip the country of its wealth. Images include: Hessian soldiers (mercenaries), Britain as a nurse.
Subject Seven Years' War
1757
THE RECRUITING SERJEANT OR B …
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title THE RECRUITING SERJEANT OR BRITTANNIAIS[sic] HAPPY PROSPECT.
Image technique Etching, colored
Narrative description Fox's efforts to form a government after the dismissal of Pitt and Legge is compared with a military procession to recruit soldiers. Images include: Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, as a statue, Mr. Duddington, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox, Wellbore Ellis, Lord Mendip, as a drummer, John Montague, Earl Sandwich, Earl of Winschelsea.
Subject Seven Years' War
1757
THE TRIUMPH OF CAESAR.
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title THE TRIUMPH OF CAESAR.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Criticism of the Duke of Cumberland (shown driving a farm cart) for his focus on the "turnip farms" of Hanover to the neglect of British interests in North America. images include: Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle, King of Prussia.
Subject Seven Years' War
1757
The Recruiting Serjeant, or …
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title The Recruiting Serjeant, or Britannias Happy Prospect.
Image technique Engraving.
Narrative description Fox's efforts to form a government after the dismissal of Pitt and Legge is compared with a military procession to recruit soldiers. Images include: Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, as a statue, a Mr. Duddington, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox, Wellbore Ellis, Lord Mendip, as a drummer, John Montague, Earl Sandwich, Earl of Winschelsea.
Subject Seven Years' War
1757
WITHOUT. From the London Eve …
Seven Years' War
[London]. Published accordin …
Title WITHOUT. From the London Evening Post of Saturday June 11, 1757.
Image technique Etching, colored
Narrative description Criticism of British government policies that supposedly leave the country suffering starvation and idleness. Images include: American colonists under attack by French and Indians, British people in poverty, British bishops as gamblers and drunks, British counselors as geese, British nobility as thieves, British politicians as thieves, British sailors begging, British soldiers idle, British navy idle.
Subject Seven Years' War
1759
BRITONS GLORY, OR Admiral [H …
Seven Years' War
[London]. Published accordin …
Title BRITONS GLORY, OR Admiral [Hawke] Triumphant.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Celebration of successful naval engagement at Belle Isle between Admiral Edward Hawke and French Admiral Hubert de Brienne, comte de Conflans that prevented an invasion of England and weakened the naval power of France. Images include: Britannia, Baron Edward Hawke, Louis XV, King of France (1715-1774), British sailor.
Subject Seven Years' War
1761
Merit Triumphant over Factio …
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title Merit Triumphant over Faction, A Monument to Perpetuate the Glorious Success of the British Arms under the Administration of our Late Worthy Patriot Minister.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Celebration of British victories during William Pitt, Earl Chatham's, administration. Pitt's political enemies are attacked for endangering the war effort. Images include: Duke of Bedford, Britannia, François de Bussy (of France), Fame, Lord Mayor of London, Truth, Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle, British sailor, Father Time.
Subject Seven Years' War
1761
OLD TIME'S advice to BRITANN …
Seven Years' War
[London]. Publish'd Accordin …
Title OLD TIME'S advice to BRITANNIA Or ENGLISH REFLECTIONS on G[ER]M[A]N CONECTIONS.
Image technique Etching, in red ink.
Narrative description England and Germany face off across the water. Criticism of William Pitt, Earl Chatham, for expense of hiring German mercenaries to fight against France. Images include: Britannia, Marquis of Granby, Hessian soldiers, British navy, British sailor.
Subject Seven Years' War
1762
The CALEDONIAN MARCH and EMB …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
London
Title The CALEDONIAN MARCH and EMBARKATION.
Image technique Etching.
Narrative description Scotsmen emigrating. Alleged abuse of government patronage by John Stuart, Earl of Bute, upon his accession to the Treasury after William Pitt's resignation (October 1761).
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
The loaded BOOT or, Scotch p …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title The loaded BOOT or, Scotch preferment in Motion or Monsieurs will you ride.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Preliminary Peace with France (November 3, 1762). The "jack boot of State." Criticism of Bute and Scottish influence on the terms of the proposed peace settlement with France. Images include: Duke of Bedford, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as a boot, Prince Charles Edward Stuart (the Young Pretender) pushing a cart, Charlotte, Queen of Great Britain, as a zebra, William Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire, George III, King of Great Britain, as a white horse, George Grenville, Holdernesse, Order of the Garter, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox, the Princess of Wales on wheels as the "Scotch State Machine."
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
THE EVACUATION, or AN EMETIC …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title THE EVACUATION, or AN EMETIC for OLD ENGLAND, by a SCOT.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Britannia attended by a doctor. Criticism of Bute's proposed terms for peace with France. Images include: Britannia blindfolded and wrapped in a tartan, John Stuart, Earl of Bute as an ass's head, France as M. Lewis Baboon, Henry Fox, Lord Holland with a clyster pipe and a pipe, liberty cap, Duc de Nivernois, Tobias Smollet as a doctor, Peace as a bubble.
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
THE CONGRESS, OR, A DEVICE t …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]. Publish'd accordin …
Title THE CONGRESS, OR, A DEVICE to lower the LAND-TAX. To the TUNE of, Doodle, Doodle, Do, &c.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Criticism of the peace between England and France concluded by Bute's ministry in 1763. Images include: Britain as a chained lion held by a Frenchman, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, under the standard of England, the standard of England as the Princess of Wales' petticoat and a boot, English Glory, entombed.
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April, 1763)
1762
The TEMPEST or ENCHANTED ISL …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title The TEMPEST or ENCHANTED ISLAND.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Treaty of Paris. Bute and the Dowager Princess of Wales are thrown into the air by exploding mines. Criticism of peace terms with France. Images include: Britannia, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, William Pitt, Earl Chatham, William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (George III's brother), Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox, William Murray, Earl Mansfield, the Monitor, Arthur Murphey (well-known comic dramatist), Tobias Smollett attacked by the British lion, Duke of York, the Dowager Princess of Wales.
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
the LAIRD of the Posts or th …
British political scene Bute …
[London]
Title the LAIRD of the Posts or the BONNETT'S EXALTED.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Musical chairs. A satire on the accession of Bute to the post of Prime Minister and a criticism of his perceived abuse of the position in favor of his Scottish countrymen. Images include: William Pitt, Earl Chatham as a pit, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, in highland dress, Scots in highland dress.
Subject British political scene Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
The Laird of the BOOT, or Ne …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title The Laird of the BOOT, or Needs must when the De'el drives.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Coaching scene. Criticism of Bute's influence in peace negotiations with France. Images include: Britannia with fallen sword and shield, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, in the Dowager Princess of Wales's petticoats, Henry Fox as a postilion, Charlotte, Queen of Great Britain, as a lioness in a carriage, William Pitt, Earl Chatham, Duke of Cumberland (George III's brother) thrown from his horse, "Hanover;" George III, King of Great Britain, as a lion, Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle, William Murray, Earl Mansfield as a Scottish jockey, Princess of Wales driving a carriage, Scotch bonnet.
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
SIC TRANSIT GLORIA MUNDI.
British political scene Bute …
[London]
Title SIC TRANSIT GLORIA MUNDI.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description William Pitt blowing bubbles. Satire intended to discredit Pitt, probably published by Bute's party. Images include: man on platform carving a liberty cap from a crown, Palace Yard, Westminster, William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, astride a bubble and blowing bubbles.
Subject British political scene Bute Administration (May 1762-April1763)
1762
A Prophesy. The COACH OVERTU …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title A Prophesy. The COACH OVERTURN'D or the fall of MORTIMER.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Treaty of Paris. Criticism of Bute and the terms of the peace. Images include: America as a horse, William Beckford, Lord Mayor of London, Britannia, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, Charlotte, Queen of Great Britain, as a lioness, Charles Churchill in clerical robes, Duke of Cumberland (George III's brother), Germany, as a horse, Marquis of Granby as a cavalry officer, the island of Guadeloupe as a horse, William Hogarth prostrate, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, John Campbell, Earl of Loudoun, William Murray, Earl of Mansfield, Island of Martinique as a horse, Arthur Murphey (well-known comic dramatist, his political paper, The Auditor, supported Bute's administration) as the "auditor", Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle, the North Briton as a cannon, Pondicherry, India, as a horse, Quebec, as a horse, Tobias Smollett as the "Briton."
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
Britannia guided by Justice …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title Britannia guided by Justice & c. c. c.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763). Rare satire in support of John Stuart, Earl of Bute, the "favorite' who became Prime Minister May 29, 1762. British successes in North America. Images include: Britannia, Justice on a pedestal, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, with a laurel wreath, the Royal Exchange.
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
To the KING of the CHEROKEES …
British political scene Bute …
[London]
Title To the KING of the CHEROKEES a Lover of Englishmen this Print is Inscribed by His Most Obedient Slave the Author.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Inside and outside the Treasury Building, Whitehall. Criticism of Bute and Scottish influence in general. Images include: Treasury Building, Whitehall, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, Tobias Smollett, Scots robbing the Treasury, John Stuart, Earl of Bute.
Subject British political scene Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
An Hieroglyphical, Enigmatic …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title An Hieroglyphical, Enigmatical, & Paradoxical Address, to the Laird of the [boot] relative to the Loss of NEWFOUNDLAND.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Rebus letter addressed to John Stuart, Earl of Bute, on the subject of Britain's loss of Newfoundland to France.
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1763
IT'S ALL OF A PEACE, or Fren …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title IT'S ALL OF A PEACE, or French Leuisdores [sic] for English Bricks.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Treaty of Paris. Alleged corruption of Bute's ministry, which is accused of bartering away English gains without equivalent concessions from France. Images include: Britannia despondent, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (George III's brother), France fiddling, King of France, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox, Lansdowne House, City of London under clouds, City of Paris in sunshine, King of Spain.
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1764
THE ELECTION. A MEDLEY. Humb …
British colonial politics
[Philadelphia]
Title THE ELECTION. A MEDLEY. Humbly Inscribed, to Squire Lilliput Professor of SCURRILLITY.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Colonial religious factions. The vote for assemblymen at the Old Court House, Philadelphia, 1764. Images include: Old Court House, Philadelphia.
Subject British colonial politics
1765
SIX MEDALLIONS shewing the c …
Stamp Act General Warrants T …
[London]
Title SIX MEDALLIONS shewing the chief national servises of his new Friends the old ministry. Inscribed to E[ar]l T[empl]e.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Medallions depict various issues–the Treaty of Paris, Scottish influence in British politics, the Stamp Act and other taxes, and British domestic politics. Images include: America as a woman attacked, Britannia forced to her knees, John Stuart, Earl Bute, the Devil, France as a woman, George Grenville, Spain as a Roman soldier, Scotland as Scotia, Viscount George Townshend as a weathervane, Charles Yorke as Janus, William Murray, Lord Mansfield, as Lord Jeffries, Earl Temple in a fool's cap.
Subject Stamp Act General Warrants Tension between Britain and the American colonies
1765
THE DEPLORABLE STATE of AMER …
Stamp Act
[London]
Title THE DEPLORABLE STATE of AMERICA or SC[OTC]H GOVERNMENT.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Criticism of England's imposition of the Stamp Act on the American colonies and its implications for liberty and trade. Images include: America as an Indian, Britannia, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as a boot, Stamp Act as Pandora's box, "wind of change", King of France, liberty cap, Liberty, prostrate, attacked by a snake, liberty tree, Loyalty, Mercury as Commerce, Minerva.
Subject Stamp Act
1765
The last SHIFT.
Stamp Act Grenville Administ …
[London]
Title The last SHIFT.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Criticism of Lord Bute, who was considered the instigator of the Stamp Act. Images include: American colonists, John Stuart, Lord Bute, George III, King of Great Britain.
Subject Stamp Act Grenville Administration (April, 1763-July 1765)
1765
The Great Financier, or Brit …
Stamp Act Grenville Administ …
[London]
Title The Great Financier, or British OEconomy for the Years 1763, 1764, 1765.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Question of the legality of the General Warrants issued for the arrest of the authors, printers, and publishers of John Wilkes's North Briton, no. 45 (April 23, 1763), which was insulting to George III. General Warrants were eventually declared illegal. Images include: America as a burdened Indian, Britannia despondent, the Economy as a servant, ships for sale, William Pitt, Earl Chatham, on a crutch, George Grenville holding a scale, a prison, "Stamp Men," (tax collectors).
Subject Stamp Act Grenville Administration (April 1763-July 1765) General Warrants
1765
The STATE of the NATION An: …
Stamp Act General Warrants
[London]
Title The STATE of the NATION An: Dom: 1765 &c.
Image technique Etching.
Narrative description A scene on the seashore. Britain leans against an angry America. The Stamp Act is criticized and the legality of the General Warrants is questioned. Images include: America as an Indian, Britannia in distress, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, Charles Pratt, Baron Camden, William Pitt, Earl Chatham with a liberty cap, George Grenville with a drawn sword, William Murray, Earl of Mansfield
Subject Stamp Act General Warrants
1765
THE TOMB=STONE.
Stamp Act
London
Title THE TOMB=STONE.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Lament for the death of William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (October 31, 1765). His adversaries dance on his tomb. Images include: America weeping, Duke of Bedford, Britannia weeping, the devil as a Scot, Discord, George Grenville, George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax, John Montagu, Earl Sandwich, "Sejanus" (Bute), Dr. W. Scott as a dog in clerical dress ("Anti-Sejanus"), Ursa Major.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
The TRIUMPH of America.
Chatham Administration (Augu …
[London]
Title The TRIUMPH of America.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Pitt and the six leading members of his administration. Pitt drives a carriage carrying America. Images include: America as an Indian, Charles Pratt, Baron Camden, as the horse, "Prerogative", William Pitt, Earl Chatham, with a crown, H. S. Conway as the horse, "Prudence", Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton, as the horse, "Royal Oak", Robert Henley, Earl Northingron, as the horse, "Prudence", William Petty, Earl Shelburne, as the horse, "Crafty", George, Viscount Townshend, as the horse, "Weathercock".
Subject Chatham Administration (August 1766-December 1767)
1766
COMMON-WEALTH. The COLOSSUS
Stamp Act
[London]
Title COMMON-WEALTH. The COLOSSUS
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act and criticism of Pitt for accepting a peerage. Pitt on crutches spans the Atlantic from New England to London. The administration is criticized for allegedly encouraging revolt against the Stamp Act. Images include: William Pitt, Earl Chatham, as the Colossus, Earl Temple as Fame, New York, London, St. Stephen's chapel.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
THE REPEAL.
Stamp Act
[London]
Title THE REPEAL.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act. Funeral procession with harbor in the background. Images include: Duke of Bedford, John Stuart, Earl of Bute(Sejanus), ships named for H. S. Conway, the Duke of Grafton, and Marquis Rockingham, George Grenville (Mr. George Stamp), George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax, Sir Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley, John Montagu, Earl Sandwich (Jemmy Twitcher), Dr. W. Scott (Anti-Sejanus), Earl Temple (Lord Gawkee), Alexander Wedderburn, Solicitor General.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
THE REPEAL OR THE FUNERAL OF …
Stamp Act
London
Title THE REPEAL OR THE FUNERAL OF MISS AME=STAMP.
Image technique Etching, colored
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act. Funeral procession with harbor in the background. Images include: Duke of Bedford, John Stuart, Earl of Bute(Sejanus), ships named for H. S. Conway, the Duke of Grafton, and Marquis Rockingham, George Grenville (Mr. George Stamp), George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax, Sir Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley, John Montagu, Earl Sandwich (Jemmy Twitcher), Dr. W. Scott (Anti-Sejanus), Earl Temple (Lord Gawkee), Alexander Wedderburn, Solicitor General.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
COMMON-WEALTH. The COLOSSUS.
Stamp Act
[London]
Title COMMON-WEALTH. The COLOSSUS.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act and criticism of Pitt for accepting a peerage. Pitt on crutches spans the Atlantic from New England to London. The administration is criticized for allegedly encouraging revolt against the Stamp Act. Images include: William Pitt, Earl Chatham, as the Colossus, Earl Temple as Fame, New York, London, St. Stephen's chapel.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
THE REPEAL. or the Funeral P …
Stamp Act
[London]
Title THE REPEAL. or the Funeral Procession, of MISS AMERIC-STAMP.
Image technique Etching, colored
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act. Funeral procession with harbor in the background. Images include: Duke of Bedford, John Stuart, Earl of Bute(Sejanus), ships named for H. S. Conway, the Duke of Grafton, and Marquis Rockingham, George Grenville (Mr. George Stamp), George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax, Sir Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley, John Montagu, Earl Sandwich (Jemmy Twitcher), Dr. W. Scott (Anti-Sejanus), Earl Temple (Lord Gawkee), Alexander Wedderburn, Solicitor General.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
THE REPEAL.
Stamp Act
[London].
Title THE REPEAL.
Image technique Etching.
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act. Funeral procession with harbor in the background. Images include: Duke of Bedford, John Stuart, Earl of Bute(Sejanus), ships named for H. S. Conway, the Duke of Grafton, and Marquis Rockingham, George Grenville (Mr. George Stamp), George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax, Sir Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley, John Montagu, Earl Sandwich (Jemmy Twitcher), Dr. W. Scott (Anti-Sejanus), Earl Temple (Lord Gawkee), Alexander Wedderburn, Solicitor General.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
Goody Bull or the Second Par …
Stamp Act
[London]
Title Goody Bull or the Second Part of the Repeal.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act. Scene on a seashore. Images include: America as an Indian, Britain as a lion, Britannia fallen, William Pitt, Earl Chatham, with crutches and as a statue, liberty cap.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
THE REPEAL OR THE FUNERAL OF …
Stamp Act
[London]
Title THE REPEAL OR THE FUNERAL OF MISS AME=STAMP.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act. Funeral procession with harbor in the background. Images include: Duke of Bedford, John Stuart, Earl of Bute(Sejanus), ships named for H. S. Conway, the Duke of Grafton, and Marquis Rockingham, George Grenville (Mr. George Stamp), George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax, Sir Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley, John Montagu, Earl Sandwich (Jemmy Twitcher), Dr. W. Scott (Anti-Sejanus), Earl Temple (Lord Gawkee), Alexander Wedderburn, Solicitor General.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
THE WHEEL of FORTUNE or ENGL …
Chatham Administration (Augu …
[London]
Title THE WHEEL of FORTUNE or ENGLAND in TEARS.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description William Pitt, the Earl of Bute, and Fortune astride a wheel of fortune. Hardship in England. Emigration to America. Images include: Britannia lamenting, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, fondling Fortune, A. H. Campbell, William Pitt, Earl Chatham, in a feathered headdress, the Devil, fashionably dressed, Fortune blindfolded, with a scourge, Hibernia lamenting, William Murray, Earl Mansfield, Monopoly as a fat man, John Wilkes.
Subject Chatham Administration (August 1766-December 1767)
1767
Samson pulling down the Pill …
Chatham Administration (Augu …
[London]
Title Samson pulling down the Pillars.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Influence of Lord Bute is presented as destructive of the constitution and the country. Images include: Britannia, John Stuart, Lord Bute, as Sampson, Charles Pratt, Baron Camden, Charlotte, Queen of Great Britain, George III, King of Great Britain, George, Prince of Wales (afterwards George IV), John Manners, Marquis of Granby, as a cavalry officer, Irish harp, Edward, Baron Hawke, with a trident, Thomas Secker [?], Archbishop of Canterbury, Westminster Abbey.
Subject Chatham Administration (August 1766-December 1767)
1767
A VIEW of LORD BUTE'S ERECTI …
Chatham administration (Augu …
[London]
Title A VIEW of LORD BUTE'S ERECTIONS at Kew, with some Part of Kew Green, and Gardens.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Bird's eye view of the appearance and arrangement of houses at Kew, with reference to the alleged liaison between John Stuart, Lord Bute and the Princess of Wales.
Subject Chatham administration (August 1766-December 1767).
1767
The Colossus
Chatham administration (Augu …
[London]
Title The Colossus
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Increasing unpopularity of the ministry and of Pitt himself for accepting a peerage (Earl of Chatham). Pitt was perceived as allying himself with Bute, whose power is represented as based upon lust and fraud. Images include: Duke of Bedford, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as Colossus, Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley, Francis Seymour Conway, Earl of Hertford, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, Liberty with liberty cap and staff of maintenance, Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle, St. James Palace, John Montagu, Earl of Sandwich, as "Jemmy Twitcher;" Dr. W. Scott (Anti-Sejanus), Earl Temple.
Subject Chatham administration (August 1766-December 1767).
1767
The Wire Master, and his Pup …
Chatham administration (Augu …
[London]
Title The Wire Master, and his Puppets.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Bute is presented as an occult power in British politics. Images include: Britannia lamenting, the Devil, Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, St James' Palace, John Montague, Earl Sandwich, as "Jemmy Twitcher", William Pitt, Earl of Catham, on crutches, Charles Pratt, Baron Camden, William Warburton, Bishop of Gloucester, William Wildman, Viscount Barrington, holding a letter.
Subject Chatham administration (August 1766-December 1767).
1767
THE DUUMVIRATE.
Chatham administration (Augu …
[London]
Title THE DUUMVIRATE.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Reflects the popular view that Pitt had formed a coalition with the Earl of Bute in return for his peerage. Images include: execution on Tower Hill, William Pitt, Earl Chatham, John Stuart, Earl of Bute.
Subject Chatham administration (August 1766-+December 1767)
1768
JOHN WILKES ELECTED KNIGHT O …
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title JOHN WILKES ELECTED KNIGHT OF THE SHIRE FOR MIDDLSEX ON THE XXVIIITH. OF MARCH, MDCCLXVII BY THE FREE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description British political scene. John Wilkes's election as a member of Parliament for Middlesex was expected to reform the House of Commons. Images include: Envy as a serpent, liberty cap, staff of maintenance, Hercules. Liberty as a boy, Minerva
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1768
MAGNA Britannia: her Colonie …
British colonial politics
[London]
Title MAGNA Britannia: her Colonies REDUCED.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Loss of North American colonies will destroy the British economy. Images include: Britain as Belisarus with amputated limbs, ships for sale.
Subject British colonial politics
1768
La GRANDE Bretagne: ses Colo …
British colonial politics
[Paris?]
Title La GRANDE Bretagne: ses Colonies REDUITES.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Loss of North American colonies will destroy the British economy. Images include: Britain as Belisarus with amputated limbs, ships for sale.
Subject British colonial politics
1768
THE many Headed MONSTER of S …
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London] Publish'd according …
Title THE many Headed MONSTER of SUMATRA, or LIBERTY'S EFFORTS against MINISTERIAL OPRESSION, A VISION.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A dragon attacks John Wilkes. Contest between the satirist, John Wilkes, and the government of the Duke of Grafton. Images include: Arbitrary Power as a dragon, William Wildman, Viscount Barrington, John Dunning, Lord Ashburton, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, the Devil as a Scot, George O'Brian Wyndham, Earl of Egremont, as a skull, John Glynn, sergeant-at-law, Marquis of Granby, Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley, Hell as a fiery castle, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox, William Murray, Lord Mansfield, Eye of Providence, Charles Watson-Wentworth, Marquis Rockingham, W. de Gray, Lord Walsingham, William Warburton, Bishop of Gloucester, John Wilkes with liberty cap and staff of maintenance.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770). British political scene.
1768
The Colonies Reduced. Its Co …
British colonial politics
[London]
Title The Colonies Reduced. Its Companion.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Loss of North American colonies will destroy the British economy. Friction between Britain and the American colonies caused by policies popularly attributed to Bute. Britain's enemies will come to the aid of the American colonies and the British empire will be destroyed. Images include: America as an Indian, Britain as Belisarus with amputated limbs, ships for sale, Britannia, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, lifting Britannia's skirts, King of France, Holland stealing British ships, King of Spain.
Subject British colonial politics
1768
The Waistcoat.
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title The Waistcoat.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Symbolizing his influence and power over the government, Bute pulls a cart over a prostrate Britannia. On the cart, surrounded by a large plaid waistcoat, are members of the Grafton administration. The waistcoat refers to one worn by the "fat man," Edward Bright, which could surround six men. Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute, Britannia, prostrate.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1768
The Operation.
Grafton administration (Dece …
[London]
Title The Operation.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Suggests Bute's influence in the death of William Allen, reportedly at the hands of Scottish soldiers during the riot in St. George's Fields (May 10, 1768). Images include: William Allen, as wounded Britannia, William Wildman, Viscount Barrington, Marquis of Bath, William Pitt, Earl Chatham, Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley, William Murray, Earl Mansfield, William, Earl Talbot, Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth.
Subject Grafton administration (December 1767-January 1770) British political scene.
1768
Portrait of an English Citiz …
British political scene Graf …
[London]
Title Portrait of an English Citizen who was two Years imprisioned in English Bastiles without Trial, Conviction or Sentence.
Image technique Engraving.
Narrative description Incarceration of the satirist, John Wilkes. Images include: John Wilkes in jail.
Subject British political scene Grafton administration (December, 1767-January, 1770).
1768
Edward the Third siezing Mor …
Chatham administration (Augu …
[London]
Title Edward the Third siezing Mortimer.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A parallel between the capture of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, by Edward III in 1330, and the supposed downfall of Lord Bute on William Pitt's accession to power in August, 1766. Images include: George III, King of Great Britain, as Edward III, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as Mortimer, Princess of Wales pleading for Bute/Mortimer.
Subject Chatham administration (August 1766-December 1767).
1768
The Balance Master.
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title The Balance Master.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Anti-Grafton satire provoked perhaps by the ill-treatment John Wilkes believed himself to have received in his attempts to procure a pardon. Grafton, brandishing a whip, stands on a balance board supported by a debt-ridden Britannia. Images include: William Wildman, Viscount Barrington, Britannia, Charles Pratt, Baron Camden, the devil, Folly as a clown, Marquis of Granby, Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley, Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1768
THE FLIGHT from DOVER. THE A …
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title THE FLIGHT from DOVER. THE ARRIVAL at CALAIS.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Bute is accused of advancing French interests. Bute and a witch escape England on a broom. Bute is greeted on his arrival in France by the "Young Pretender." It was said that when Bute faced political difficulties, he was in the habit of going abroad. Images include: Britannia, Prince Charles Edward (the Young Pretender), the Devil as a satyr, witch on a broom.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1768
The ever-memorable Peace-Mak …
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title The ever-memorable Peace-Makers settling their Accounts.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Seven Years' War. Treaty of Paris. Criticism of terms of the Treaty of Paris. Allegation of bribes accepted by John Stuart, Earl of Bute, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, the Duke of Bedford, and the Princess of Wales to insure that the terms of Peace were favorable to France. Images include: the Devil, a fox.
Subject Seven Years' War
1768
[Avaunt ye troublers of a Wo …
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title [Avaunt ye troublers of a World's repose]
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Liberty, George III, and Britannia listen to the pleas of a commoner. This may refer to the cause of John Wilkes, who was elected to the House of Commons but rejected by votes of the "King's friends" three times. The affair of the "Middlesex election" resulted eventually in freedom of election for the House of Commons. Images include: the "British people", liberty cap, staff of maintenance.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1768
The North Star.
Grafton administration (Dece …
[London]
Title The North Star.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description The Earl of Bute and the Earl of Chatham are shown as the prime movers of a government that is destroying constitutional rights. Images include: Britannia, William Pitt, Earl Chatham, in a feathered headdress, Marquis of Granby, Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley, William Murray, Earl of Mansfield, Earl of Northampton, Henry Zuylestein, Earl Rochford, William Warburton, Bishop of Gloucester, Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth, John Wilkes, Daniel Finch, Earl of Wincheslea.
Subject Grafton administration (December 1767-January 1770) British political scene.
1768
MAGNA Britannia: her Colonie …
British colonial politics
[London]
Title MAGNA Britannia: her Colonies REDUC'D.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Loss of North American colonies will destroy the British economy. Images include: Britain as Belisarus with amputated limbs, ships for sale.
Subject British colonial politics
1768
A WARM PLACE–HELL.
North American political sce …
[Boston]
Title A WARM PLACE–HELL.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description On February 11, 1768, the Massachusetts House of Representatives approved a "Circulatory Letter'"opposing various Acts of Parliament. Parliament ordered that the vote be rescinded. On June 30, 1768, the House voted again and 92 members voted not to rescind and 17 voted to rescind. The 17 "rescinders" are satirized in this print. Images include: Dr. John Calef with a calf's head, the Devil, Hell, Timothy Ruggles (an American loyalist).
Subject North American political scene. Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1768
Captain Macheath.
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title Captain Macheath.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Focus on the East India Company's extensive and lucrative holdings in Bengal (an "empire" in the hands of merchants) that had attracted the attention of the Grafton administration. Images include: William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, with a crown and fleur-de-lys, Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton, as a highwayman.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1768
Harlequin.
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title Harlequin.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Antagonism towards William Pitt for accepting a peerage. Images include: Wiliam Pitt, Earl of Chatham, as harlequin draped in plaid, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, the Devil, liberty cap, staff of maintenance, broken.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1768
Malice and Fortitude.
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title Malice and Fortitude.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description John Wilkes is threatened by enemies, including the Princess of Wales and the Earl of Bute, who were popularly suspected of making several attempts to murder him. Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute, with a sword, John Montague, Earl Sandwich, as a jockey with a cricket bat, Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley, the Magna Carta, William Murray, Earl of Mansfield, Truth.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770). British political scene.
1768
Hercules Cleaning the Augean …
Grafton administration (Dece …
[London]
Title Hercules Cleaning the Augean Stable.
Image technique Etchng
Narrative description John Wilkes's election as a member of Parliament for Middlesex was expected to reform the House of Commons. Images include: Bribery, Corruption, and Hypocrisy as a 3-headed monster, Britannia lamenting, Sir John Cust, Speaker of the House of Commons, Discord as Medusa, Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley.
Subject Grafton administration (December 1767- January 1770). British political scene.
1768
The Pillars of the State.
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title The Pillars of the State.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Thomas Harley, Lord Mayor of London, and Justice Samuel Gillam are blamed for the violent suppression of the London riots, May 10, 1768. Images include: Britain as a shipwreck, Thomas Harley with a boot and a petticoat, soldiers firing on rioters, a prison, hangman's noose, John Wilkes.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1769
Janus. 1768-1769
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title Janus. 1768-1769
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Political dealings and marital problems of the Duke of Grafton. Images include: the Duke of Grafton as Janus, a thief, a fool.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1769
The Addressers
Grafton administration (Dece …
[London]
Title The Addressers
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A melée at the King's Arms tavern. "The Battle of Cornhill" (March 8, 1769), a violent outbreak during a meeting of London merchants who had gathered to sign an address to the king expressing confidence in the government. Images include: Charles Dingley, Reverend John Horne (Tooke), London merchants, Peter Muilman, John Reynolds (John Wilkes attorney), Samuel Vaughan.
Subject Grafton administration (December 1767-January 1770)
1769
An Attempt to land a Bishop …
Tension between Britain and …
[London]
Title An Attempt to land a Bishop in America.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description On a quay, American colonists prevent the landing of a British ship carrying a bishop. A plan to establish an American bishopric was proposed in 1750 and revived again in 1768. Images include: New England colonists, liberty cap, bishop, ship called "The Hillsborough".
Subject Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1769
JOHN WILKES, Esq.
Tension between Britain and …
Boston
Title JOHN WILKES, Esq.
Image technique Woodcut
Narrative description Images include: John Wilkes, crowned with laurel, supported by Britannia as Minerva and by Hercules, who treads upon the "serpent of envy." A cupid carries a liberty cap and the books, "Lockes Works" and "Sidney on Government," lie open.
Subject Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1769
The Machine to go without As …
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title The Machine to go without Asses.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Suggests that the King, guiding the carriage of State, would crush the Arbitrary Faction of the Grafton administration and end the "secret influence" of John Stuart, Lord Bute. At this period the King was believed to be neglecting his duties, leaving their performance in the hands of his mother and her supposed lover, Bute. Images include: King of Austria, Britannia, Fame, King of France, George III, King of Great Britain, Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, liberty cap, the Magna Carta, William Murray, Earl of Mansfield, King of Spain, staff of maintenance.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1769
THE CITY CARRIERS.
Tension between Britain and …
[London]
Title THE CITY CARRIERS.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description British political scene. At the entrance to St. James' Palace, the Livery of London presents petitions to the King. Images include: Thomas Beckford, Mayor of London, Robert Ladbroke, Mayor of London, Samuel Turner, Mayor of London, Liberty, officials of the City of London, Barlow Trecothnick, Truth.
Subject Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1769
What may be doing Abroad. Wh …
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title What may be doing Abroad. What is doing at Home.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description British political scene. Foreign powers divide the world and plot against the British Empire, while the Ministry schemes at home. Images include: Duke of Bedford, King of France, George III. King of Great Britain, Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox, William Murray, Earl of Mansfield, Empress Maria Teresa, King of Prussia, William Henry Zuylestein, Earl of Rochford, King of Spain, Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1770
Political Electricity, or, A …
British political scene.
[London]
Title Political Electricity, or, An Historical & Prophetical Print in the Year 1770.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A series of vignettes present Bute as a generator that draws power from the royal family, creating a chain of events throughout the world. Vignette 24 shows a prosperous Boston as a rival to London. Images include: William Wildman, Viscount Barrington, Thomas Beckford, Mayor of London, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as an electrical machine, Charles Pratt, Baron Camden, Robert, Baron Clive, William Dowdeswell, Jeremiah Dyson, electricity machine, Benjamin Franklin, George III, King of Great Britain, Granville Leveson-Gower, Earl Gower, Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton, Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley, George Grenville, King's Bench Prison, Frederick, Lord North, George Onslow (1731-1792), St. James Palace, Vice as a Fury, Virtue as a woman, Richard Whitworth.
Subject British political scene.
1770
Mr. MACKLIN in the Character …
[London]
Title Mr. MACKLIN in the Character of SHYLOCK, in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Homage to William Shakespeare. Images include: Charles Macklin, the actor, as Shylock.
1770
Mr. Garrick delivering his O …
[London]
Title Mr. Garrick delivering his Ode, at Drury Lane Theatre, on dedicating a Building & erecting a Statue, to Shakespeare.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Homage to William Shakespeare. Images include: Drury Lane Theatre, London, David Garrick, actor.
1770
[THE FRUITS OF ARBITRARY POW …
Tension between England and …
[London]
Title [THE FRUITS OF ARBITRARY POWER, OR THE BLOODY MASSACRE, PERPETUATED IN KING STREET BOSTON ON MARCH 5TH 1770]
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Boston massacre.
Subject Tension between England and the American colonies.
1770
The Massacre perpetuated in …
Tension between Britain and …
[London]
Title The Massacre perpetuated in King Street Boston on March 5th. 1770, in which Messrs. Saml. Gray, Saml. Maverick, James Caldwell, Crispus Attucks, Patrick Carr were Killed, six others Wounded, two of them Mortally.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description The Boston Massacre.
Subject Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1770
The Guy Faux of 1770.
British political scene.
[London]
Title The Guy Faux of 1770.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description George III's negative reaction to the petition and remonstrance presented by the representatives of the City of London. Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute, with a signal light, "Eye of Providence".
Subject British political scene.
1770
The King and his Friends.
British political scene.
[London]
Title The King and his Friends.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Five medallion portraits of the so-called "court party." George III is surrounded by Volpone [Henry Fox, Lord Holland], Jefferies [Lord Mansfield], Mungo, a black slave in popular farce [Jeremiah Dyson], and John Stuart, Earl of Bute.
Subject British political scene.
1770
A Council.
British political scene.
[London]
Title A Council.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description The King's supporters in the Privy Council express dismay at the presentation of petitions for grievances. Images include: William Wildman, Viscount Barrington, the Duke of Bedford, Frederick Cornwallis, Archbishop of Canterbury, Duke of Cumberland (George III's brother) as Folly, the Devil, Duke of Cumberland as Folly, Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton, William Murray, Earl Mansfield, wearing a Scotch bonnet, Frederick, Lord North, Earl of Guilford, Privy Council, Richard Rigby, John Montagu, Earl of Sandwich, as "Jemmy Twitcher", York Petition.
Subject British political scene.
1770
JANUS.
British political scene
[London]
Title JANUS.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Falkland Islands conflict (Dec. 11, 1770). Bute councils peace and Lord Chatham calls for war with France and Spain over the seizure of the Falkland Islands. Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as a boot, William Pitt, Earl Chatham, George iII, King of England, as Janus.
Subject British political scene
1770
A Game at Skittles.
British political scene.
[London]
Title A Game at Skittles.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description John Stuart, Earl of Bute, with St. Peter's, Rome, in the background, prepares to throw a ball at nine skittles. Represents Bute's influence, even when he is out of the country. Includes poetry. Images include: George III, King of Great Britain, and his family as 9 skittles.
Subject British political scene.
1770
LORD CHIEF JUSTICE JEFFRIES. …
British political scene
[London]
Title LORD CHIEF JUSTICE JEFFRIES. LORD CHIEF JUSTICE MANSFIELD.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description The so-called "tyrannical" judges. Images include: Lord Chief Justice George Jeffreys, Baron Jeffreys, William Murray, Earl Mansfield.
Subject British political scene
1770
BRITONS STRIKE HOME. An Old …
British political scene
[London]
Title BRITONS STRIKE HOME. An Old Song, to a New Tune.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Anti-Bute satire. The Earl of Bute is threatened by a beheading axe. Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as a boot.
Subject British political scene
1770
The Peace-Makers.
British political scene.
[London]
Title The Peace-Makers.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Falkland Islands conflict (Dec. 11, 1770). The Court Party's attempts to prevent war between England, France, and Spain over the seizure of the Falkland Islands. The Court Party was supposedly under the influence of the Earl of Bute and Lord Holland. Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as a jester, Holland as a fox and a devil.
Subject British political scene.
1770
VOX POPULI VOX DEI.
British political scene
[London]
Title VOX POPULI VOX DEI.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A lightening bolt strikes through the ceiling of the House of Commons representing the dissatisfaction of the opposition.
Subject British political scene
1770
Sir Robert Ladbroke aiming a …
British political scene
[London]
Title Sir Robert Ladbroke aiming at a Peerage.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description The disembodied hand of John Stuart, Earl of Bute, offers a crown to Ladbroke, who is stepping on prostrate citizens of London. Ladbroke is criticized for not supporting the City Remonstrance, which was presented to the King in March, 1770. It was assumed that Ladbroke was trying to gain the favor of Bute and the Court Party. Images include: a satyr.
Subject British political scene
1770
England's Friends.
British political scene.
[London]
Title England's Friends.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Four medallion portraits surround four clasped hands, clockwise: "Chatham, Temple, Rockingham, Camden." Celebration of "not guilty" verdict in the trial of the printer, John Miller, who reprinted Junius's Letter to the K--- in the London Evening Post (19 December, 1769). Images include: Charles Pratt, Baron Camden, Charles Watson-Wentworth, Charles Watson-Wentworth, Marquess of Rockingham, Richard Grenville, Earl Temple.
Subject British political scene.
1770
The Constitution.
British political scene.
[London]
Title The Constitution.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description John Stuart, Earl of Bute, tampers with the scales of justice signifying his supposed influence over the law courts. Images include: thistles.
Subject British political scene.
1770
The Fortunate TRANSPORT.
Social satire
[London]
Title The Fortunate TRANSPORT.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Transportation of criminals to Virginia. Images include: Mrs. Branch, Polly Haycock.
Subject Social satire
1770
ISABELLA MOTHER of EDWARD II …
British political scene.
[London]
Title ISABELLA MOTHER of EDWARD IIID. AUGUSTA MOTHER of GEORGE IIID.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Attack on Earl of Bute's supposed affair with the Princess of Wales. Compares the influence of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, on Queen Isabella and her son Edward III to the influence of Bute on Augusta, mother of George III. Images include: head of John Stuart, Earl of Bute, on a pole, a jackboot.
Subject British political scene.
1770
LORD CHANCELLOR SOMERS. LORD …
British political scene
[London]
Title LORD CHANCELLOR SOMERS. LORD CHANCELOR CAMDEN.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description The so-called "fair" judges. Images include: Charles Pratt, Baron Camden, Lord Chancellor John Somers, Baron Somers.
Subject British political scene
1770
A late LORD MAYOR of London.
Chatham Administration (Augu …
[London]
Title A late LORD MAYOR of London.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Engraving of a statue of William Beckford, Lord Mayor of London, an ardent supporter of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham. Beckford died June 21, 1770. On July 5, 1770 the Court of Common Council in London voted to erect a statue to his memory.
Subject Chatham Administration (August 1766-December 1767)
1770
The Royal Chace.
British political scene
[London]
Title The Royal Chace.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description George III and William Murray, Earl Mansfield, pursue three printers. Prosecution of the publishers John Almon, Henry Sampson Woodfall, and John Miller for selling and/or printing letters by "Jumius" critical of George III. Images include: Britain as an oak, George III, King of Great Britain, "Junius" in shadow, Sir Robert Ladbroke, Mayor of London, as the "father" of London, citizens of London, William Murray, Earl Mansfield.
Subject British political scene
1771
EARL OF ROCHFORD.
British political scene Nort …
[London]
Title EARL OF ROCHFORD.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description William Henry Zuylestein, Earl of Rochford, was a negotiator of the unpopular Convention with Spain (14 January 1771).
Subject British political scene North Administration (January 1770 - March 1782).
1771
SIR GEORGE SAVILE BART.
British political scene. Nor …
[London]
Title SIR GEORGE SAVILE BART.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A portrait of Sir George Savile, baronet.
Subject British political scene. North Administration (January 1770-March 1782).
1771
Acted for the Benefit of the …
British political scene Nort …
[London]
Title Acted for the Benefit of the Ministry.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description One of a number of satires of the quarrel between John Wilkes and Rev. John Horne that began in November, 1771.
Subject British political scene North Administration (January 1770-March 1782)
1771
The Right Honble. Brass Cros …
Portraits North Ministry (Ja …
[London]
Title The Right Honble. Brass Crosby, Esqr. Richard Oliver, Esqr.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Portraits of Brass Crosby, Lord Mayor of London, and Richard Oliver, Alderman.
Subject Portraits North Ministry (January 1770-March 1782)
1771
Charles-James Cub Esqr.
British political scene.
[London]
Title Charles-James Cub Esqr.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Portrait of Charles James Fox, son of Henry Fox, Lord Holland, dressed in the latest fashion.
Subject British political scene.
1771
The Great Luminary of the La …
British political scene
[London]
Title The Great Luminary of the Law.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description "Henry Bathurst was made Lord Chancellor and Baron Apsley on 23 Jan. 1771, and is generally agreed to have been the least efficient Lord Chancellor of the eighteenth century." Images include: Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, who was known as Lord Apsley from 1771 to 1775.
Subject British political scene
1771
ROCKINGHAM TEMPLE
Portraits North Ministry (Ja …
[London]
Title ROCKINGHAM TEMPLE
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Portraits of Charles Pratt, Lord Camden, and William Pitt, Lord Chatham. These portraits face an article on "Idea of a Well-Policed State," in which the Hosue of Lords is to be the "bust and truck" of the constitution of the British commonwealth.
Subject Portraits North Ministry (January 1770-March 1782)
1771
Lord North at the Spanish Am …
British political scene Nort …
[London]
Title Lord North at the Spanish Ambassador's.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Conflict with Spain over the Falkland Islands. The Ministry is criticized for its supposed subservience to Spain.
Subject British political scene North Ministry (Jan. 1770-March 782)
1771
A PRIVATE ORDINATION.
British political scene. Nor …
[London]
Title A PRIVATE ORDINATION.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A satire directed at the Rev. John Horne, who had made unfortunate references to his ordination in a letter to John Wilkes. Images include: John Horne (Tooke).
Subject British political scene. North Administration (January, 1770-March, 1782).
1771
THE PAGEANT.
British political scene. Nor …
[London]
Title THE PAGEANT.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description The unpopularity of George III among his subjects. Images include: demon, an electricity machine[?], George III, King of Great Britain, Westminster Abbey, citizens of London.
Subject British political scene. North Administration (January 1770-March 1782).
1771
Twitcher's Advocate.
British political scene. Nor …
[London]
Title Twitcher's Advocate.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Portrait of Dr. W. Scott ("Anti-Sejanus"), chaplain to the Earl of Sandwich, who wrote many letters in support of the government. John Montague, Earl Sandwich, peers in the window from outside.
Subject British political scene. North Administration (January 1770-March 1782)
1771
A View of the Riot Decr. 11t …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title A View of the Riot Decr. 11th. 1770.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Falkland Islands. conflict, House of Lords debate, December 11, 1770). The Ministry was criticized for subservience to Spain over the issue of ownership of the Falkland Islands. Images include: House of Lords.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782).
1771
His Grace of -- a Specimen o …
Social satire.
[London]
Title His Grace of -- a Specimen of English Nobility.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Caricature of a young man of fashion.
Subject Social satire.
1771
Virtue Disgrac'd March 1771. …
British political scene Nort …
[London]
Title Virtue Disgrac'd March 1771. Vice Triumphant March 1771.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Upper frame represents the imprisonment of Brass Crosby, Lord Mayor of London, and Richard Oliver, Alderman, in the Tower. The lower frame represents a riot at Westminster, 27 March, 1771, when the Lord Mayor was committed to the Tower. Images include: Britannia, Liberty, Devils.
Subject British political scene North Ministry (January 1770-March 1782)
1771
The National -Union 1771
British political scene Nort …
[London]----
Title The National -Union 1771
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Politicians are shown wrapped in a large Union flag. Oneof the men is William Pitt, Lord Chatham, holding a crutch. Another is a judge in wig and robe who is probably Charles Pratt, Lord Camden.
Subject British political scene North Administration (January 1770-March 1782)
1771
Lord Chief Justice Mansfield
Portraits North Ministry (Ja …
[London]
Title Lord Chief Justice Mansfield
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Portrait of Chief Justice William Murray, Lord Mansfield. This portrait illustrated an article on "Thoughts, Reflections, and Considerations, on the abject Condition of the Great, especially Courtiers, and the folly of those who seek Connections with them."
Subject Portraits North Ministry (January 1770-March 1782)
1772
Admiral Rodney before Cartag …
European political scene
[London]
Title Admiral Rodney before Cartagena
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Tensions between Great Britain and Spain in the Caribbean. A British schooner had been captured with no resistance by the Spanish Guarda Costa and charged with smuggling. Image includes: George Brydges, Admiral Rodney.
Subject European political scene
1773
MISS MACARONI AND HER GALLAN …
Social satire
[London]
Title MISS MACARONI AND HER GALLANT AT A PRINT SHOP.
Image technique Mezzotint
Narrative description Fashionably dressed couple look at pictures displayed in print shop windows. Images include: fashionable attire, printseller's shop, "macaroni" fashion.
Subject Social satire
1773
THE MOTHER AND THE CHILD.
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title THE MOTHER AND THE CHILD.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A satire on the arrears of the Civil List. Images include: Britannia nursing George III, Privy Purse empty and full.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782).
1773
THE STATE JUGGLERS 1773.
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title THE STATE JUGGLERS 1773.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Lord North and his ministers portrayed as showmen out to fool the impoverished and suffering public. Images include: William Wildman, Viscount Barrington, the British people, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, offering a crown, "Deceit," as a serpent, Jeremiah Dyson as "Mungo" (a black slave in popular farce), Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox, William Murray, Earl Mansfield, in wig and robes, Frederick, Lord North, Earl of Guilford, as a juggler, juggler's booth in St. James's Street, London, John Montagu, Earl Sandwich, with a cricket bat.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782).
1774
SPANISH treatment at CARTAGE …
European political scene
[Boston]
Title SPANISH treatment at CARTAGENA
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Tensions between Great Britain and Spain in the Caribbean. A British schooner had been captured with no resistance by the Spanish Guarda Costa and charged with smuggling. This cartoon shows the imaginary humiliation of England by Spain--chained English sailors are mistreated in Cartagena by their Spanish captors.
Subject European political scene
1774
The Mitred Minuet
North Administration (Januar …
[Boston]
Title The Mitred Minuet
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Reaction to the Quebec Act, one of the five Intolerable Acts, which granted religious and legal freedoms to French Canadians. Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute, in highland dress, the Devil, Frederick, Lord North, playing bagpipes, Catholic bishops dancing, the Devil.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782 Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1774
The able Doctor, or America …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title The able Doctor, or America Swallowing the Bitter Draught.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Intolerable Acts. Boston Tea Party. Boston Port Bill (March 31, 1774) closed the port in retaliation for the Boston Tea Party. Images include: America, as a woman forced to drink tea, Britannia despairing, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, in highland dress, William Murray, Lord Mansfield, in wig and robes restraining America, Frederick, Lord North, Earl of Guilford, pouring tea in America's mouth, John Montague, Earl of Sandwich, restraining America, Spain with the Order of the Golden Fleece.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1774
THE STATE PEDLARS, OR, THE N …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]. Publish'd as ye Ac …
Title THE STATE PEDLARS, OR, THE NATIONAL CONTRAST.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Britannia and Scots peddlers (representing Scottish influence) each try to pull a burdened British lion in their respective directions. Images include: Britannia, Britain as a lion, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as a boot, Scottish thistle.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782).
1774
THE COURT COTILLION, Or the …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title THE COURT COTILLION, Or the Premiers new Parl*****t Jig.
Image technique Engraving.
Narrative description America, England, and Scotland treading a circle scourging one another. Criticism of Lord North and Parliament for dissension between England, Scotland, and the American colonies. Images include: America as an Indian, Britain as a sailor, Britannia weeping, liberty cap, Frederick, Lord North, Earl of Guilford, playing a fiddle, Scotland in a kilt.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782).
1774
THE BOSTONIANS IN DISTRESS.
North Administration (Januar …
London
Title THE BOSTONIANS IN DISTRESS.
Image technique Mezzotint
Narrative description Distress in Boston caused by the Boston Port Bill. Images include: a cage (symbol of slavery), liberty tree, British navy, British soldiers, cannon.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). Tension between Britain and the American colonies
1774
THE BOSTONIAN'S Paying the E …
North Administration (Januar …
London
Title THE BOSTONIAN'S Paying the EXCISE-MAN, or TARRING & FEATHERING [BOSTONIANS PAYING THE EXCISEMAN, OR TARRING AND FEATHERING]
Image technique Mezzotint, colored.
Narrative description Bostonians tarring and feathering John Malcomb, the British Commissioner of Customs. Images include: liberty tree with noose, Sons of Liberty, Boston Tea Party.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1774
THE ORACLE. REPRESENTING BRI …
North Administration (Januar …
[London].
Title THE ORACLE. REPRESENTING BRITANNIA, HIBERNIA, SCOTIA & AMERICA, AS ASSEMBLED TO CONSULT THE ORACLE, ON THE PRESENT SITUATION OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS, TIME ACTING AS PRIEST.
Image technique Mezzotint.
Narrative description The triumph of Concord over Discord. Images include: America as an Indian, Britannia, Concord, globe (world), Hibernia, liberty cap, magic lantern, members of Parliament, Scotland as Scotia, Father Time.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1774
A NEW METHOD OF MACARONY MAK …
North Administration (Januar …
London
Title A NEW METHOD OF MACARONY MAKING, AS PRACTICED AT BOSTON. [BOSTONIANS PAYING THE EXCISEMAN, OR TARRING AND FEATHERING]
Image technique Mezzotint
Narrative description Bostonians tarring and feathering John Malcomb, the British Commissioner of Customs. Includes poetry. Images include: Sons of Liberty, gallows with a severed rope.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1774
The Colossus of the North or …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title The Colossus of the North or The Striding Boreas.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Lord North as the Colossus of Rhodes. Criticism of the North Administration for "tyranny and venality." Images include: Britannia, Frederick, Lord North, Earl of Guilford, Westminster Hall, John Wilkes, recently elected Mayor of London, lit torch named "America;" Members of Parliament as a river.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782).
1774
[Britain, America, at length …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title [Britain, America, at length be friends]
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Urges friendly settlement of differences. Images include: America, as an Indian with gorget and headdress, Britain as a lion, Britannia, Commerce (British), Concord, as a woman, Peace as a bubble.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1774
BOREAS.
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title BOREAS.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Caricature of Lord North looking through a lorgnette.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782).
1774
The way of the World
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title The way of the World
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute, with a sword, William Pitt, Earl Chatham, with crutches, William Murray, Lord Mansfield, in wig and robes, Frederick, Lord North, Earl of Guilford.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). British political scene.
1774
The Whitehall Pump.
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title The Whitehall Pump.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Attack on Boston Port Bill passed against Massachusetts in retaliation for the Boston Tea Party. Images include: America as a prostrate Indian, Henry Apsley, Baron Bathurst, as a judge, Britannia prostrate, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, with a ribbon, Charles Pratt, Baron Camden, protesting, William Murray, Earl Mansfield, in wig and robes, Frederick, Lord North, Earl of Guilford pumping water, bust of George III, King of Great Britain, John Montagu, Earl of Sandwich, John Wilkes, protesting.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1774
The Mitred Minuet.
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title The Mitred Minuet.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Reaction to the Quebec Act, one of the five Intolerable Acts, which granted religious and legal freedoms to French Canadians. Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute, in highland dress, the Devil, Frederick, Lord North, playing bagpipes, Catholic bishops dancing, the Devil.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1774
LIBERTY TRIUMPHANT: or the D …
Tension between England and …
[London]
Title LIBERTY TRIUMPHANT: or the Downfall of OPRESSION.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Boston Tea Party. Images include: America as an Indian woman, American loyalists, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, devil/demon, East India Company, Fame, "Genius" of Britain, King George III, Liberty, liberty cap, map of North America, Frederick, Lord North, Earl of Guilford, Charles Lennox, Duke of Richmond, Sons of Liberty as Indians.
Subject Tension between England and the American colonies.
1774
The Dissolution of P[arliame …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title The Dissolution of P[arliamen]t.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Dissolution of Parliament, September, 30, 1774. Street scene with a stagecoach filled with politicians. Satire of Parliament for its actions at home and in relation to the American colonies. Images include: beggars.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). Boston Port Bill. General Warrants.
1774
THIS SR. IS THE MEANING OF T …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title THIS SR. IS THE MEANING OF THE QUEBEC ACT.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description The Quebec Act was one of the five Intolerable Acts.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1774
A NEW METHOD OF MACARONY MAK …
North Administration (Januar …
London
Title A NEW METHOD OF MACARONY MAKING, AS PRACTICED AT BOSTON IN NORTH AMERICA. [BOSTONIANS PAYING THE EXCISEMAN, OR TARRING AND FEATHERING]
Image technique Mezzotint
Narrative description Bostonians tarring and feathering John Malcomb, the British Commissioner of Customs. Images include: Sons of Liberty, gallows with severed rope.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1775
THE HONBLE. JOHN HANCOCK. of …
American Revolution. Portrai …
London
Title THE HONBLE. JOHN HANCOCK. of BOSTON in NEW ENGLAND, PRESIDENT of the AMERICAN CONGRESS.
Image technique Mezzotint
Narrative description John Hancock.
Subject American Revolution. Portraits.
1775
GEORGE WASHNGTON, ESQR. GENE …
American Revolution. Portrai …
[London]
Title GEORGE WASHNGTON, ESQR. GENERAL and COMMANDER in CHIEF of the CONTINENTAL ARMY in AMERICA.
Image technique Mezzotint
Narrative description George Washington.
Subject American Revolution. Portraits.
1775
ISRAEL PUTNAM ESQR. MAJOR GE …
American Revolution. Portrai …
[London]
Title ISRAEL PUTNAM ESQR. MAJOR GENERAL of the Connecticut Forces, and COMMANDER in CHIEF at the Engagement on BUNCKERS-HILL near BOSTON, 17 June 1775.
Image technique Mezzotint
Narrative description Israel Putnam.
Subject American Revolution. Portraits.
1775
CHARLES LEE, ESQR. MAJOR GEN …
American Revolution. Portrai …
[London]
Title CHARLES LEE, ESQR. MAJOR GENERAL of the CONTINENTAL-ARMY in AMERICA.
Image technique Mezzotint
Narrative description Major General Charles Lee.
Subject American Revolution. Portraits.
1775
The PATRIOTICK BARBER of NEW …
American Revolution.
London.
Title The PATRIOTICK BARBER of NEW YORK, OR THE CAPTAIN IN THE SUDS.
Image technique Mezzotint
Narrative description A New York barber, Jacob Vredenburgh, refused to complete the shave of British navy Captain John Crozer when informed of his identity. The Sons of Liberty praised the Barber's patriotism. Images include: a barber shop, wig shop, portrait of William Pitt, portrait of Chief Justice Charles Pratt, Baron Camden, William Pitt, Earl Chatham, Sons of Liberty.
Subject American Revolution.
1775
THE POLITICAL CARTOON, FOR T …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title THE POLITICAL CARTOON, FOR THE YEAR 1775.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description A carriage is driven towards a chasm. England and George III are driven to destruction by political advisors. Images include: America in flames, British people, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as a footman, Charles Pratt, Baron Camden, in wig and robes, William Pitt, Earl Chatham, with crutches, Scottish clerks, the Devil, George III, King of England, William Murray, Earl Mansfield, with a whip, Frederick, Lord North, Obstinacy, as a horse, Pride, as a horse.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). American Revolution.
1775
The SCOTCH BUTCHERY, Boston …
American Revolution. North A …
[London]
Title The SCOTCH BUTCHERY, Boston 1775.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description British measures against the colonies are ascribed to the influence of Bute. According to BM, the scene may depict the retreat of British troops to Boston after Lexington, or the bombardment of Charlestown during the Battle of Bunker Hill. Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute, in highland dress, Simon Fraser, Master of Lovatt, British navy, Boston, William Murray, Lord Mansfield, in wig, robes, and coronet, English soldiers, horrified, Scottish soldiers, Alexander Wedderburn, Solicitor General.
Subject American Revolution. North Administration (January 1770-March 1782).
1775
Bunkers Hill, or the blessed …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title Bunkers Hill, or the blessed effects of Family quarrels.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description The Battle of Bunker Hill. Images include: American colonies as an Indian with tomahawk and knife, Britannia with a spear, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, in the clouds, France stabbing Britannia, Frederick, Lord North, in the clouds, Spain piercing Britannia's shield, William Murray, Earl Mansfield, in the clouds with a demon.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). American Revolution.
1775
The Council of the Rulers, & …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title The Council of the Rulers, & the Elders against the Tribe of ye Americanites.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Confrontation in the House of Commons between pro- and anti-American factions. Images include: Serjeant Glynn in lawyer's robes, map of North America in flames, Frederick, Lord North, bribing, John Wilkes in mayoral robes and chain.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1775
SIX-PENCE A DAY.
American Revolution
[London]
Title SIX-PENCE A DAY.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description British anti-recruiting satire. The calamities faced by a British soldier sent to fight in the American colonies are contrasted with the good life of the English worker. Images include: sedan chair carrier (chair man), chimney sweep, coachman, Famine, American soldiers, British soldiers.
Subject American Revolution
1775
The Retreat From Concord to …
American Revolution.
[London]
Title The Retreat From Concord to Lexington of the Army of Wild Irish Asses Defeated by the Brave American Mlilitia.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Battles of Lexington and Concord. Images include: American soldiers, British soldiers with asses' heads, burning houses.
Subject American Revolution.
1775
THE CONTRAST
American Revolution. Stamp A …
[London]
Title THE CONTRAST
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Nurturing of resources for future good vs. destruction for immediate gain. An appeal for conciliatory measures towards the colonies for the best interests of trade and the mother country. Images include: commerce as a milk cow branded with a "stamp", American colonies as a woman, John Wilkes, as mayor of London.
Subject American Revolution. Stamp Act.
1775
AMERICA in FLAMES.
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title AMERICA in FLAMES.
Image technique Woodcut
Narrative description Boston Port Bill. Britain fans the fire of American discontent with inflammatory legislation. Images include: America As an old woman surrounded by flames, Boston Tea Party as a teapot, John Stuart, Earl of Bute, in highland dress fanning the flames, the Devil, William Murray, Earl Mansfield, in wig and robes fanning the flames, Frederick, Lord North looking through a lorgnette, John Wilkes.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782).
1775
The CONGRESS or the NECESSAR …
American Revolution.
[London]
Title The CONGRESS or the NECESSARY POLITICIANS.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description British reaction to resolutions of the first Continental Congress (September 5 to October 29, 1774). British politicians in a latrine, or "necessary house." Images include: tarring and feathering, John Wilkes, as Mayor of London.
Subject American Revolution.
1775
The Thistle Reel.
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title The Thistle Reel.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Quebec Act. Bute, Mansfield, and North dance around a thistle. British policy against America inspired by Bute and Scottish influence. Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute, in court dress, the Devil playing a bagpipe, William Murray, Earl of Mansfield, in wig and robes, thistle, Lord North with a lorgnette.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782).
1776
Miss CAROLINA SULIVAN one of …
American Revolution
[London]
Title Miss CAROLINA SULIVAN one of the obstinate daughters of America 1776
Image technique Etching
Narrative description British defeat at Sullivan's Island, South Carolina. The obstinate daughter of America, who resembles William Pitt, wears an elaborate hairstyle decorated with scenes from the battle of Sullivans Island.
Subject American Revolution
1776
COLONEL ARNOLD. Who Commande …
American Revolution. Portrai …
London
Title COLONEL ARNOLD. Who Commanded the Provincial Troops sent against QUEBEC, through the Wilderness of Canada, and was Wounded in Storming that City, under General Montgomery.
Image technique Mezzotint
Narrative description Benedict Arnold's aggressive attacks on Fort Ticonderoga, Quebec, and Saint Johns earned his reputation as a leading figure in the war. Images include: Quebec.
Subject American Revolution. Portraits.
1776
[Lord North robbing the exch …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title [Lord North robbing the exchequer]
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Images include: Jeremiah Dyson as "Mungo" (a black slave in popular farce), Frederick, Lord North, stealing, George Townshend, Viscount Townshend, Britannia prostrate.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782)
1776
PARK-CHARACTER.
Social satire.
[London]
Title PARK-CHARACTER.
Image technique Etching.
Narrative description Perhaps a caricature of a doctor.
Subject Social satire.
1776
BUNKERS HILL or America's He …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title BUNKERS HILL or America's Head Dress
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description A lady's elaborate hair dress is decorated with scenes of North American battles. Belittles the American military efforts at Bunker Hill, reflecting the popular English sentiment that not enough was being done to contain the rebellion.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). American Revolution.
1776
COMMODORE HOPKINS, COMMANDER …
American Revolution. Portrai …
London
Title COMMODORE HOPKINS, COMMANDER in CHIEF of the AMERICAN FLEET.
Image technique Mezzotint
Narrative description Esek Hopkins. Images include: American flag, liberty tree, American navy.
Subject American Revolution. Portraits
1776
The Yankee Doodles Intrenchm …
American Revolution.
[London]
Title The Yankee Doodles Intrenchments Near Boston 1776
Image technique Etching
Narrative description American soldiers, entrenched behind palisades, wait for the onslaught of British troops.
Subject American Revolution.
1776
THE WISE MEN of GOTHAM and t …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title THE WISE MEN of GOTHAM and their GOOSE
Image technique Mezzotint, colored
Narrative description John Stuart, Earl of Bute, severs the neck of the goose that laid the golden eggs (America). Attributes to Bute the inflammatory measures taken against the colonies. Images include: map of North America, North America as a goose, portrait of Britain as a sleeping lion.
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). American Revolution.
1776
The female combatants or who …
American Revolution.
[London]
Title The female combatants or who shall [trimmed with loss of text]
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Britain and America face off against one another. Images include: America as an Indian, Britain as a woman of fashion, French influence as a cock, liberty cap, British oak, dying, Liberty tree, thriving.
Subject American Revolution.
1776
DAVID WOOSTER, ESQR. Command …
American Revolution. Portrai …
London
Title DAVID WOOSTER, ESQR. Commander in Chief of the Provincial Army against QUEBEC.
Image technique Mezzotint
Narrative description David Wooster. Images include: walls of Quebec.
Subject American Revolution. Portraits.
1776
MAJOR GENERAL JOHN SULLIVAN, …
American Revolution. Portrai …
[London].
Title MAJOR GENERAL JOHN SULLIVAN, A distinguished OFFICER in the CONTINENTAL ARMY.
Image technique Mezzotint
Narrative description John Sullivan.
Subject American Revolution. Portraits.
1776
MAJOR ROBERT ROGERS, Command …
American Revolution. Portrai …
London
Title MAJOR ROBERT ROGERS, Commander in Chief of the INDIANS in the Back Settlements of America.
Image technique Mezzotint
Narrative description Robert Rogers. Images include: Indians of North America.
Subject American Revolution. Portraits.
1776
FRONTISPIECE. [See the dread …
American Revolution
[London]
Title FRONTISPIECE. [See the dread Harbinger of human Woe].
Image technique Etching.
Narrative description Images include: Mercury, Britannia, John Stuart, Earl of Bute.
Subject American Revolution
1776
The Parricide. A Sketch of M …
North Administration (Januar …
[London]
Title The Parricide. A Sketch of Modern Patriotism.
Image technique Mixed method
Narrative description Britannia attacked by America and the British lion. Reaction against ministers who supported the American cause. Images include: John Wilkes, America as a woman in a feathered headdress, Charles Pratt, Baron Camden, William Pitt, Earl Chatham, Discord wieiding torches, Charles James Fox as a fox, Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton, George Hayley, Sheriff of London (1775-76).
Subject North Administration (January 1770-March 1782). American Revolution.