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1657
PROGNOSTIC MERVEILLEUX, Sur …
War of Devolution.
[Paris].
Title PROGNOSTIC MERVEILLEUX, Sur l'estrange maladie du sieur Dom Diego Davalos.
Image technique Etching.
Narrative description Greedy Spain, attended by France, Holland, Sweden, England, etc.,vomits her ill-gotten possessions. Images include: America as an Indian; Asia as a woman; Britain as a cavalier; Conscience as a prostrate ghost; Europe as a woman; France as a cavalier; France as a surgeon; Holland as a sailor; Italy as a cavalier; Spain as Don Diego Davalos; Sweden as a cavalier; Sweden as a doctor.
Subject War of Devolution.
1720
Rue Quinquempoix en l'année …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Rue Quinquempoix en l'année 1720. De regte afbeelding der wind negotie gehouden in de straat van Quinquempoix tot Parys.
Image technique engraved plate [16]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [A true picture of the wind trade of the rue Quinquempoix, [Amsterdam], in 1720.] View of a street in [Amsterdam] filled with crowds of people holding shares. Men are writing, drumming, shining shoes, beating each other with sticks. A man on the left looks out of his window which is labeled "Law," halters are strung across the street from ropes, and includes a bell.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
The BUBBLERS bubbl'd or the …
South Sea Bubble
[London]. Sold by the Prints …
Title The BUBBLERS bubbl'd or the DEVIL take the HINDMOST
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Investment schemes. Images include: the Amsterdam stock exchange; investors.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Actieuse papiere Atlas naar …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Actieuse papiere Atlas naar de mode met zyn na-sleep … L’Atlas actieux de Papier à la Mode, avec ses complices et le Jeu de Quille du petit Tems ...
Image technique engraved plate [8]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The Atlas of share-paper � la mode with his accomplices.] John Law, elegantly dressed, holds the world at night on his shoulders. Other people helping Law hold up the world are a peasant with his shovel and a mole, a livery servant has his back to the view, Hercules with his club and a cross staff on the ground, a small boy, a woman or charwoman with a broom, a peddler in ragged clothing, a harlequin or fool and a woman with broken swords at her feet. An inset image shows Hercules about to slay the hydra or the many-headed monster of selfishness. Also includes a child with Time’s hourglass on his head, a hare, and a dog.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Afbeeldinge van 't zeer verm …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Afbeeldinge van 't zeer vermaarde Eiland Geks-kop, gelégen in de Actie-zé, ontdekt door Monsr. Lau-rens, werdende bewoond door een verzámeling van alderhande volkeren, die men dézen generálen naam (actionisten) geeft.
Image technique engraved plate [57]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Picture of the very famous island of Madhead, situated in the Sea of Shares, and inhabited by a collection of all kinds of people, to whom are given the general name of actionists.] Map of an island in the shape of a fool's head with ass's ears. It includes at the center the town of Quinqempoix (after the name of a street in Paris which had the headquarters of the Compagnie des Indes) and it is surrounded by the island of Poverty, Sadness, and Despair. The "map"� rests on a sarcophagus or tomb. On the left is a scene of a mob storming the offices of John Law's company in a town and on the right is a land-vessel or ship with wheels (symbol of a far-fetched scheme) which has a flag saying "To Viane." Vianen was a "free city" during the Middle Ages and anyone who could pay the toll to enter the city would be granted sanctuary from creditors. Above the two scenes are small vignettes of a man near an empty treasure chest and in the other a man weeps on a street. Also includes an owl and a monkey or ape.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Anatomie der wind-negotie, o …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Anatomie der wind-negotie, of Bombario voor den drommel.
Image technique engraved plate [52]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Anatomy of the stock-jobbery or Bombario gone to the devil.] A man is shown being blindfolded by monkeys and/or devils, a corpse is showing laid out on a table and being dissected by a "quack"� or doctor in spectacles or glasses holding bladders over him and a man lying in a wicket basket. In the background is a setting or rising sun and a fool (or Bombario) fleeing on the back of a Hydra. Includes an orb of sovereignty.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Arlequyn actionist.
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Arlequyn actionist.
Image technique engraved plate [12]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Harlequin stockholder.] A harlequin or fool stockholder on the rue Quinquempoix stands before a shop for sale of shares. A man, John Lauw [Law] swallows coins poured into his mouth and delivers shares from his rear. Includes monkey or ape, bellows, a caged man, farting men, cards, dice, and an owl. This engraving is the frontispiece to a comedy of the same name.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Baal of de waereld in masker …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Baal of de waereld in maskerade. The World in Masquerade.
Image technique engraved plate [63]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Ball or the world in masquerade.] View of a masque, ball, or dance with gentlemen, ladies, fools priests, people from all nations including native Americans with feathered headdresses and men in turbans. Around the curtain framing the room are faces of characters, some wearing fool’s caps, one wearing spectacles or glasses, some of various gods, one with horns, one a scholar. Also includes chandeliers. Verses beneath the image in both Dutch and English.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Bespiegeling voor de geldzug …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Bespiegeling voor de geldzugtige wereld, in 't begin op-en ondergang van den actiehandel.
Image technique fold-out engraved plate [66]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Contemplation for the greedy world on the rise and fall of the stock-jobbery.] A stock market is showing with many people collecting coins, fighting, stealing, lying, misbehaving to get hold of money. In the center is an orb surmounted by a seated figure whose head consist of a coin showing a portrait of John Law. This engraving was used earlier ca. 1650 and adapted here for this use.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Bombario actionist en de gee …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Bombario actionist en de geest van Esopus. / Actieuse nacht-wind-zanger met zyn tover slons. / Natuur actie-doctor of klap-achtig bobbel meester. / Directrice der vervalle actie-regimenten; en byzonderlyk van natuurlyke Lawe actien.
Image technique engraved plate [26]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Bombario the share-jobber and the ghost of Aesop. / The night singer of shares, with his magic-lantern. / Natural stock doctor, or bubbling bubble master. / Directress of the decayed stock-regiments, and particularly of natural Law's shares.] Set of four cards on one sheet. The first card shows Aesop with a fox, parrot, and pipe standing before a fool. Also includes a monkey playing a pipe, a satyr, Pan pipes, a basket full of figures of men and women. The second card shows a caricature of a man with a magic lantern on his back and a cock’s feather in his hat representing that he came from France. The third card shows a caricature of a man or doctor wearing spectacles or glasses and a medical cap and holding a bird on his finger. The fourth card shows a common housewife holding a pet dog. In the background is a cauldron over a fire.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Bombario, o dood, gy waart g …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Bombario, o dood, gy waart geen vrind van Law toen gy Paus Clemens schoot.
Image technique engraved plate [17]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Bombario, o death! You were no friend to Law, when you shot down Pope Clement.] A satire on the cashier of the South Sea Company, Robert Knight. The interior of a place is shown with a dwarf standing with a purse of money from which falls money. A skeleton holds a scythe, men are trampled, satyrs or devils, fools, and other brawl around a table, Father Time with his hourglass pulls back a curtain. In the background the pope lies dying surrounded by priests, John Law, and the Pretender, James Francis Edward Stuart. Above the pope’s bed is a portrait of Pope Innocent XIII, a cock representing France, an eagle representing Rome, a windmill, and a lion. Knight is shown as an elegant gentleman being dragged by the two satyrs. Below the image is a scene of the world with a baby’s head coming out of it above a label for Mississippi [the Mississippi Company], West [West India Company], and Zuyt [South Sea Company]. A boy dressed as a fool points to the crying infant. Behind him is a tomb or sepulcher. On the right is a wheel of fortune with Pope Innocent XIII, John Law, Cardinal Alberoni, and the Pretender with a windmill on it.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Bronwater of geneesmiddel vo …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Bronwater of geneesmiddel voor de zieke actionisten.
Image technique engraved plate [45]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Spring water or potion for the sick shareholder.] A boy stands next to a spring or pool of water and drinks from water from his hand.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
By veele zit de kei in 't ho …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title By veele zit de kei in 't hooft om dat men in de wind gelooft.
Image technique engraved plate [9]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Many became crazy because they believed in schemes.] People are treated by doctors for their mental state. The Dutch refers to a saying "to have a cobble stone in your head." The remedies include trepanning or operations to the head with the sufferer bound to chairs. Also includes purging or vomiting, defecating, flogging, extraction of "cobbles" from various orifices,
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De actiewereld op haar einde …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De actiewereld op haar einde.
Image technique fold-out engraved plate [64]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The end of the stockworld.] A group of fools or lampooned figures (one with a lantern hanging from his codpiece) with large noses and common faces are gathered around a a gentleman in a fancy feathered hat. This engraving may have been originally made for another satire and is adapted here.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De begeerlykheyt zoekt de fo …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De begeerlykheyt zoekt de fortuin t' achterhalen of voor by te loopen.
Image technique engraved plate [55]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Covetousness tries either to overtake or to outrun fortune.] Men and women plying various trades, bee-keeping, fishing, taking care of children, while behind them man people rush to the top of a cliff and thrown themselves over it. Includes carriage and horses falling off the cliff, a beggar with crutches carrying a woman representing Covetousness who is blindfolded and holds a triple fork toward a grave. Also includes a man with spectacles or glasses, a woman with a mirror and a snake, a fishing net, a dog, and Fortune standing on a globe.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De bubbel jonge op de jagt.
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De bubbel jonge op de jagt.
Image technique engraved plate [44]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The hunting bubble boy.] A boy is flanked by a lion and a unicorn.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De Eklips der Zuider Zon doe …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De Eklips der Zuider Zon doet veele in’t duister zitten Veroorzaakt door de onpolitike Maan der Brn. De rottege blaas-balg, en de geest van Erasmus zwervende uit zyn geboorte-stad naar de drie ongeactioneerde vrysteden van Hd.
Image technique engraved plate [15]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The eclipse of the southern sun puts man a place in darkness, as occasioned by the unpolitic moon] [The active bellows and the spirit of Erasmus, leaving the city where he was born to visit the three cities of Holland not affected by share-trading.] An obelisk decorated with the coat of arms of Amsterdam, Haarlem, and Leiden stands on a sea shore. Two men stand before it, one Mercury with his winged hat and shoes and another a man who represents the spirit of Eramus in the habit of a pilgrim with a seashell on his hat. Surrounding them are men falling off a cliff, a winged ship, a man holding keys and pointing to a treasure chest of cabbages with a spade. a drowning man, a monkey or ape blowing on a fire, a woman representing Fraud with a mousetrap on her head and using a bellows to blow into a gentleman who holds a fishing line and throws shares or papers into the wind. Also includes a bat, a windmill, a cupid paying a horn, and a swan.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De inbeelding; heersseres va …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De inbeelding; heersseres van't rookverkopers-gild, maald Missisippi hier, 't geen Vrankryks schat verspild.
Image technique engraved plate [23]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Fancy, the ruler of the guild of smoke-sellers, paints here Mississippi, which wastes France's treasures.] A woman paints a scene of the Mississippi River with a ship surrounded by children, one of whom has an empty box with rats in it, another child grinds colors on a slab, another blows bubbles, while two more point to the bubbles. Four scenes surround the main scene--men smoke tobacco with long pipes, a native American or slave stands on a West India shore on top of a turtle smoking a pipe; his head is decorated with flags and sugar canes blow in the foreground, a man on horseback throws papers at a crowd, and two men stand near a share exchange next to piles of shares.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De inventeur der windnegotie …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De inventeur der windnegotie, op zyn zegekar.
Image technique engraved plate [29]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The inventor of stock-jobbery in his triumphal car.] John Law [Magere Lauw Rier] sits in a chariot drawn by two cocks. Includes a one-legged man with a broken cart and a man who speaks from a tower or castle in the air. The man's wig has been blown from head. This plate was produced from one showing the Duc de Vend�me and was a satire on the defeat of the French in 1706 at the Siege of Menin.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De kermis-kraam, van de acti …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De kermis-kraam, van de actie-knaapen, schaft vreugde, en droefheid, onder 't kaapen.
Image technique engraved plate [11]
Narrative description Investment schemes. Satire on share-mania. [The stock boys� shop gives pleasure and sorrow in stealing.] Includes a crowd of people of all ages, dancing around a chariot drawn by two monstrous toads and driven by a woman representing Deceit in a dress embroidered with fishhooks and holding a snake. Behind hera �Bombario� a harlequin figure with a flag showing a mousetrap, behind him is a devil who uses a bellows to inflate a fool who spits out share papers. Various men sell products�bottles of quack medicine and nooses. A woman is carried in a sedan chair. A flag hangs from a house with Quincampoix [Quinquempoix] on it. In the background a mad scene around a booth selling shares while Jupiter and Mercury sit in the clouds and Phaeton falls.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De kornet van vuil gewin of …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De kornet van vuil gewin of wortel en besse postiljon op zyn mager, doch niewlyks gemest varken uitschreewende de kompany is vol.
Image technique engraved plate [48]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The rider of foul profit or the rubbish-bearing courser, riding on his thin, but newly fatted boar, cries: The company is full.] A man rides a pig or boar down a street beside a river in which a cow stands. Men use switches to urge the pig. A harpy, an angel with a fool's cap and other birds which are strung together fly above the man. In the background men gather around a house with a flag announcing that "the company is full."
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De lachende Ezopus, op het k …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De lachende Ezopus, op het koolmaal, gehouden ter afscheyd van actieapen.
Image technique engraved plate [47]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The laughing Aesop, present at the cabbage-feast, which was given at the leave-taking of the stock-apes.] Aesop dressed as a harlequin (or Bombario), a hunch-backed fool, holds a cabbage in his hand while monkeys or apes eat cabbage in a circle. In the background wolves chase sheep and apes tend to the sheep. In clouds above the scene, a man representing time with an hourglass on his head and holding a scythe watches as a Dutch lion gives a bag of money to Mercury with his caduceus and winged helmet.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De laggende Law, de treurend …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De laggende Law, de treurende actionist met de smekende Mercurius.
Image technique engraved plate [51]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Law laughing, the shareholders mourning, and Mercury entreating.] John Law laughs as he pours coins from a cornucopia into a teasure chest. In the middle a shareholder surveys useless shares on the grand. Mercury with his winged helmet and caduceus flies away. In the foreground a monkey or ape grovels on the floor, a woman runs in front of a fool (or Bombario) is farting on an orb of sovereignty. In the background is a town labeled Vianen. Also includes a harpy, baskets of jewelry, and coins, a statue blowing bubbles and the sea. Vianen was a "free city"� during the Middle Ages and anyone who could pay the toll to enter the city would be granted sanctuary from creditors.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De malle actionisten naar Vi …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De malle actionisten naar Vianen of 't peperland.
Image technique engraved plate [35]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The foolish shareholders on the way to Vianen or the pepperland.] A carriage leaves the Muiderpoort in Amsterdam and is headed toward Viana and Kuilenburg [Culemborg]. Fools drive the carriage and satyrs direct the people, one is on a horse. Includes a market scene, a dog, a man offering a coat to a gentleman, a city gate, and a monkey. Pepperland was another name for the East Indies. Vianen was a "free city"� during the Middle Ages and anyone who could pay the toll to enter the city would be granted sanctuary from creditors.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De meerman van 't noorder ge …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De meerman van 't noorder gewest als opper directeur der zee-plaat verkruyers van het verkeerde Pampus beslaande de achterhoede van het papiere actie-schouburgs-regiment.
Image technique engraved plate [58]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Triton of the north, as chief manager of the men projecting to change the sandbank called Pampus into a harbor, forms the rear guard of the papershare playhouse.] Triton sits in a boat drawn by mermaids. Mercury with a caduceus and wings holds a circle of fish over his head. A fanciful dinghy full of “wind ballast” is tied to Triton’s ship. In the background is the town of Enkhuizen, one of the harbor towns of the VOC from where overseas trade with the East Indies was conducted. Also includes another boat with a mermaid and a figure with a castle on her head, dredging in the harbor, a fishing boat hauling in nets, a windmill and a “foolish” beacon on a promontory.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De nuttige, en nuttelooze ko …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De nuttige, en nuttelooze koopman.
Image technique engraved plate [50]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The useful and useless merchant.] A garden or maze is guarded by 1) Truth on a throne with an owl, on her right is 2) Justice with a balance or scale and 3) Wisdom holding an oval shield. Before this group is an altar with a flaming heart. On the other side is 4) Wealth seated on a throne on clouds. Under her feet is the caduceus of Mercury and at her side sits a dragon. Windheads represent winds blowing all around. A money-seeking merchant holds a bag of coins. Deceit with a mousetrap on her head points the way to the merchant. A third merchant enters the image in the middle. The 14 figures represented are identified by numbers at the bottom of the image. In the background is a maze with people lost in it. Includes a fountain with a cock perched on a globe on which is a fleur de lis. At the back of the garden is a temple with light from the symbols of the Trinity and a triumphal arch.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De opgehulde actionisten in …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De opgehulde actionisten in hun eer en aan zien gesteld.
Image technique engraved plate [36]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The gaudy shareholders shown during their honor and influence.] A woman sits on a throne as on a stage with a ship on her head and a child on her lap. Her other hand holds a rudder. The child, representing credulity, holds the chain of an old woman representing avarice. Men stand before the stage and gather shares. A woman representing fortune hovers in a cloud above the woman on the throne and strews papers. Also includes a devil or satyr with bellows, a gentleman with a sword, and a carriage.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De ridder van het gilde kalf …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De ridder van het gilde kalf of hopman van de vroege en laate slacht tyd in optogt naar 't orakel van Delfos.
Image technique engraved plate [40]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The chevalier of the Golden Calf, or captain of the early and late time of slaughtering, in procession to the Oracle of Delphos.] A hunched-back man rides a calf who wears a laurel [a reference to John Law of Lauriston] wreath. The calf pulls a sledge with casks, tobacco rolls, barrels, a box with a peacock and a man with a bellows and walks past an altar. Includes men playing musical instruments such as a drum and horn, a unicorn, a stork tries to catch a rat, a woman representing fame falls towards the ground dropping a horn and her laurel wreath.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De schynschoone actie-sphinx …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De schynschoone actie-sphinx springt hier zig zelven dood, zo dra als Edipus het vals geheim ontbloot.
Image technique engraved plate [43]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The falsely-fair share-sphinx springs down from the high rocks, Oedipus having discovered the false secret.] Men stand in front of a mountain from which a sphinx jumps. In the background is also a town labeled, Vianen. A man floats in front of the mountain by means of bladders of air on his person. On one side of the image men are led by a man holding a paper with the South Sea's Company shares on it; one of the man has his pants on fire. On the other side a man vomits while laid over a barrel with a cock (symbol of France) on it. Soldiers behind a fence barricade the way to Vianen. Also includes a cat in a tree and a man riding a goat while blowing on a horn. Vianen was a "free city"� during the Middle Ages and anyone who could pay the toll to enter the city would be granted sanctuary from creditors.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De stervende bubble-heer in …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De stervende bubble-heer in den schoot van Madame Compagnie
Image technique engraved plate [46]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The dying bubble-lord in the bosom of Madame Compagnie.] The Bubble Lord, John Law, collapsed on the ground and is surrounded by a scolding woman and others who weep and gesticulate. This print was repurposed from one originally used to illustrate the distress of Louis XIV having lost the battle of Ramillies, May 12, 1706. In this print, the artist's name has been removed along with other inscriptions above the heads of the two men on the left. Madame Compagnie replaces Madame de Maintenon from the original print.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De stropende actie-valk, om …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De stropende actie-valk, om hals, en ‘t bubble-rotje onder de klaauwen van den U I L.
Image technique engraved plate [54]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The strapping share-hawk pierced and the bubble rat between the claws of the owl.] A hawk captures another in mid-flight while an owl eats a rat. A man and a woman point toward the birds eating the rat while in the background men practice falconry.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De verreeze Frederik Hendrik …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De verreeze Frederik Hendrik ouwerwets patroon der verkeerde barmhertigheid &c. &c. &c.
Image technique engraved plate [61]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Frederick Henry arisen, the ancient patron of ill-placed commiseration, etc.] The stadtholder of the Seven United Provinces, Frederik Hendrik, holds his cloak over nearly naked men. Also includes a church, men drowning in a river or canal (one has a magic lantern with him in the water), a man riding a donkey or ass, a bakeshop where loaves of bread are being weighed, and a merry-go-round or sort of early Ferris or “pleasure” wheel.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De verslagen actionist in de …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De verslagen actionist in de stoel met rinkels, overreeden geweest van 't gelauwerd paard van Troje.
Image technique engraved plate [20]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The defeated stock-jobber seated in the chair with jingles, having been ridden over by the laureated horse of Troy.] Numerous people surround a man or fool seated in a child's chair before a windmill. His wife and children stand beside him. Includes a horse called the "Laureated Horse of Troy," a scene of a shipwreck, a bat, Icarus or a winged man falling, a man flying a kite, a paper mill, a monkey and bellows, Diogenes with a lantern, a parrot, a headless bird, and a cat. I tems in the image are numbered with explanation in text below.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De vervallen actionisten, he …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De vervallen actionisten, hersteld, door den triompheerden Arlequin.
Image technique engraved plate [30]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The ruined share-holders restored by the triumphant Harlequin.] A group of men stand around waving shares which are being distributed by a fool (or Bombario) riding in a horse-drawn chariot being driven by a woman in Roman clothing. Includes a wheelbarrow, packages or barrels, Mercury with a caduceus and a winged helmet. In the background is a town named "Viaane" on the Lek River with teams of horses drawing wagons. Vianen was a "free city" during the Middle Ages and anyone who could pay the toll to enter the city would be granted sanctuary from creditors.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De verwarde actionisten tore …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De verwarde actionisten torenbouw tot Babel.
Image technique engraved plate [31]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The Babel tower of the confused stock-jobbers.] A group of men sit and stand around tables with the Tower of Babel in the background. John Law sits on the left signing shares, another man sits at the right cooking cakes over a fire. Other men are doubled over having eaten the cakes, many have diarrhea, another man lies on the ground. Fortune (a blindfolded woman with a purse in one hand and a vase in the other) rises from smoke. Also includes a hawk killing a bird; a woman representing Deceit holds a mask in one hand and two hearts in another and sits at the top in the clouds while a woman representing Wisdom pulls her dress away revealing her clawed feet; a woman representing falling hope with an anchor; a man throwing himself out a window; a woman with the coat of arms of Holland; and a Liberty cap.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De Viaantsche tol-poort voor …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De Viaantsche tol-poort voor d'actionisten komende uyt alle steeden.
Image technique engraved plate [32]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The tollgate of Vianen for the shareholders arriving from all towns.] People stand around the tollgate of Viane; the town and its river are in the background. Includes a director surrounded by satyrs snakes, a griffin, and other creatures. Other gentlemen receive money from a long-eared king. A fool dances in the middle with a one-legged beggar and a youth in a toga. Also includes dogs, boats, a carriage and horses. Vianen was a "free city"� during the Middle Ages and anyone who could pay the toll to enter the city would be granted sanctuary from creditors.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De waereld is een speel tone …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De waereld is een speel toneel, elk speeld zyn rol en krygt zyn deel.
Image technique engraved plate [19]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The world is a stage; everyone acts his part and gets his portion.] Resembling the stage of a theater with Time drawing back the curtain and the center scene showing the players advancing on a devil. Above them is an assembly of gods with Justice and Mercury pleading with Jupiter. Includes monsters, the peddler, Bombario, the coat of arms of Leiden and Haarlem, a beehive, coins, an overthrown world with “Missisppi” [Mississippi] marked on it, a mousetrap, a goose, bubbles, and a mirror. Surrounding the central scene are 10 vignettes showing the establishment of the Mississippi and the West India companies, a fishery company in Enkhuizen and including ships, black men and/or slaves and/or native Americans, as well as men landing on exotic shores.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De wind koopers met wind bet …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De wind koopers met wind betaald, of de laaste zal blyven hangen.
Image technique engraved plate [3]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The wind-buyers paid in wind, or those who are last will remain hanging on.] Images include: the Amsterdam stock exchange; investors. Includes a list of schemes in wind.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De windverkopers of windvang …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De windverkopers of windvangers, die door wind, verliezen geld en goed: bederven vrouw en kind.
Image technique engraved plate [5]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The wind-buyers or wind-catchers, who lose money and goods and ruin their wives and children for the sake of wind.] Images include: the Amsterdam stock exchange; investors. Includes a list of schemes in wind.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De wintgot, uytgebuldert heb …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De wintgot, uytgebuldert hebbende, laat niet dan rampen na.
Image technique engraved plate [68]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The god of schemes has spent his fury and leaves only destruction behind.] Mercury with his winged helmet and Jupiter sit in clouds, while various men, possibly satirizing several families that participated in the wind trade (Bicker, Boreel, van Zwieten), sit below them. Also includes a carriage and horses.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
De Zuid Zé Compagnie door wi …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title De Zuid Zé Compagnie door wind in top gerezen beklaagt nu haar verlies met een bekommerd wezen.
Image technique engraved plate [21]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The South Sea Company, having risen to the top by wind, now laments her loss with a rueful aspect.] A woman lies surrounded by four children. Includes a writing table, books, a ships in a storm, pen and ink, musical instruments such as a trumpet and lyre. Four scenes appear around the central scene--a man eats paper on a stage near a barrel of herrings, a woman sells geese, a woman holds a fish before a man with a herd of pigs, and men dig on a road in front of a city.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Der grosse versammel-platz d …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Der grosse versammel-platz der wind verkäuffer. A. 1720.
Image technique engraved plate [22]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The great gathering place of the wind-dealers in the year 1720.] The central scene shows a large room filled with people looking at shares. Surrounding the scene are four scenes one of men handing out shares, one of men landing on shore with ships in the background, one of an allegorical figure, Minerva, is shown working on a loom (includes the coat of arms of Amsterdam, Haarlem, and Leiden), and one shows a man climbing a ladder and another falling from it..
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Des kladpapieren waerelds vu …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Des kladpapieren waerelds vuur in as verkeerd.
Image technique engraved plate [62]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The world of wastepaper is by fire turned to ashes.] People stand around a globe which is beginning to catch fire, but the verse warns them that most of them will burn their hands if they start playing with this fire. Four scenes in the corners of the etching each with a verse: at top right a dead young man lies on the ground his lover grieving beside him; at top left Bacchus sits on a wine barrel, men drink; at lower left a man [Midas] with ass’s ears sits at a table on which everything has turned to gold while a god points at him; at lower right is an old man surrounded by treasures and a beautiful young lady, but death still comes to claim him. Also includes a town with a ruined bridge,
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Des waerelds doen en doolen, …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Des waerelds doen en doolen, is maar een mallemoolen.
Image technique engraved plate [38]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The actions and designs of the world go round as if in a whirligig.] A merry-go-round located by the sea is put in motion by a devil on a horse. Figures representing the Mississippi, the South Sea, the West India companies stand on the pediment to the merry-go-round. In the background is the town of Vianen and a ship is docking by a flag labeled Peperlandia. A fool (or Bombario) crouches under a tent and mans a grate next to a road filled with fish hooks. Includes a wheelbarrow full of money, a monkey, native Americans and a black man representing the bubble companies. Vianen was a “free city” during the Middle Ages and anyone who could pay the toll to enter the city would be granted sanctuary from creditors.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Eere-titel, of gordyn voor h …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Eere-titel, of gordyn voor het schouburg der actie-tafereelen, beschildert met de actie-winkel des groenen en dorren tyds, of spiegel des papieren warelds.
Image technique fold-out engraved frontispiece
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Title (page) of honor, or curtain before the theatre of the action plays, representing the action shop of the green and sterile times; or mirror of the paper world.] Page introducing the players and action of the book. Described as the curtain before the plays, the page shows a older man with wings (Time?) showing a young man his reflection in a mirror, although the young man refused to look at it. They are surrounded by caricatures of a man or excavator with a shovel and a fisherman with a net, produce, caught fish, a caged bird, a barrel of crabs, birds, a monk’s head, spectacles or glasses, and a bull’s head. The youth points to a globe encircled by a snake holding its tail in its mouth. The old man is “Gryn Chagrin,” or the nemesis of the Mississippi and South Sea companies, holding up a mirror to the face of a youth (or speculator) and surrounded by the follies of the times.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Floraes gecks-kap of afbeeld …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Floraes gecks-kap of afbeeldinge van 't wonderlijcke iaer van 1637 doen d' eene geck d' ander uytbroeyde, de luy rijck sonder goet, en wijs sonder verstant waeren.
Image technique fold-out engraved plate [65]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Flora's fool's cap or picture of the strange year 1637, when one fool swindled the other and when people were rich without goods and wise without brains.] the tulip mania in 1636-37 showing a fools' cap used as a tent. Inside the fools' cap people are sitting around tables with scales, with an inscription above their heads 'De Comparitje', a flag hangs from the tent with two fools on it and an inscription underneath 'Inde 2 Sotte Bollen', on the right of the tent a woman named 'Flora' rides a donkey and an angry crowd is following her. In the foreground, people carry tulips and flower bulbs.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Gedenk-boog, ter begraaf-pla …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Gedenk-boog, ter begraaf-plaats der uitgeteerde actionisten. Arc memorial dressé au lieu de l'enterrement des actionistes consumés.
Image technique engraved plate [33]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Memorial arch erected at the burial place of ruined shareholders.] People surround a triumphal arch placed in a town or city. The arch includes scenes of asses being milked a man handing out stocks, a boat sailing into a harbor. Includes a portrait of John Law. The two large scenes on either side of the arch shows carriages arriving in a grand plaza, the other shows a sick shareholder being bled by his doctor. Behind the gate is a funeral procession, under the arch a grave is being dug which is being filled with paper and buried. Also includes a camera obscura or peep show machine, cabbages, windmills, tulips, and cupids.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Harlekin en Bombario en den …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Harlekin en Bombario en den rouw.
Image technique engraved plate [49]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Harlequin and Bombario in mourning.] A harlequin and fool (Bombario) watch a satyr pour coins into a basket. Also includes Mercury with his winged helmet and caduceus.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Jacques III Pretendent. d’An …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Jacques III Pretendent. d’Angleterre &c. of Ridder van St. Joris
Image technique engraved plate [69]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [James III pretender to the throne of England and knight of St. George.] Portrait of James III, or James Francis Edward, Prince of Wales, nicknamed the Old Pretender (1688-1766).
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Kermis wind-kraamer en gross …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Kermis wind-kraamer en grossier
Image technique engraved plate [4]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The wholesale wind-peddler’s fair.] A man sits in the air on a cloud with a windmill on top of his hat and is upheld by air blown by an angel. He casts papers from his hand. Another man stands behind him holding a candle. A third man, also in the clouds, uses a bellows to inflate a cat which rises in the air with four bladders attached to its legs. A monkey sits on a tree looking at the cat with a telescope. Also includes a goose, a duck, a bull, a toad, and a chest with mice playing on it.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Koning en koningin van de Mi …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Koning en koningin van de Missisippi.
Image technique engraved plate [67]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [The king and the queen of the Mississippi.] Native American man, woman and child wearing feathered garments and headdress. Includes a battle club and human arms cooking over a grill [scene of cannibalism].
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Law, als een tweede Don-Quic …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Law, als een tweede Don-Quichot, op Sanches graauwtje zit ten spot.
Image technique engraved plate [24]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Law, like another Don Quixote, sits on Sancho's ass, being everyone's fool.] A man sits on a horse or ass with a devil who faces backwards. Men try to drag the ass towards a house with "Quinquenpoix" over the door. A fool or Bombario hands something to the figure on the ass. Includes a roll of tobacco, shares of the Mississippi, South Sea, and West India Company, a caduceus, and coins. In the background are ships sailing.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Madame Law
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Madame Law
Image technique engraved plate [70]
Narrative description Investment schemes. Portrait of Mrs. John Law. In the background fools dance in Venice.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Missisippi of 't wydbefaamde …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Missisippi of 't wydbefaamde Goudland door de inbeelding der windnegotie.
Image technique engraved plate [59]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Mississippi, or the world-famous Goldland in the fancy of the wind trade.] View of the Mississippi River with settlers conversing with native Americans. In the background is a hunting scene and numerous palm trees. On the for corners of the image are scenes from the life of a Dutch investor in the Mississippi Company including scenes in bed, at a table, in a living room, and reacting to bad news. Also includes parrots.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Monument consacré a la poste …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Monument consacré a la posterité en memoire de la folie incroyable de la XX. année du XVIII. siecle. Ter eeuwiger gedagtenisse der dwaasheid van het XX. jaar der XVIII. eeuw
Image technique engraved plate [18]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Monument consecrated to posterity in memory of the unbelievable folly of the 20th year of the 18th century.] A scene on the rue Quinquenpoix, [Amsterdam], in which Fate in the form of a naked female showers the crowds with shares. Her chariot is drawn by figures representing the South Sea Company, the Mississippi Company wearing a feathered headdress, the West India Company, the bank, a figure with "Indes" wearing a Dutch hat and windmill [?] representing the Dutch mania for shares, and a youthful female figure labeled “Assura.” Also in the chariot is a fool wearing a hoop skirt, a cock representing France, a lion representing England, and another lion grasping the arrow of the Seven United Provinces. Above a devil blows bubbles, while a woman is run over and men fight in the street. Also includes mushrooms, books, mice, and money.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Mre. Jean Law Con[seill]er d …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Mre. Jean Law Con[seill]er du roy en tous ces con[se]ils controluer gnal des finance en 1720
Image technique engraved plate [2]
Narrative description Portrait of John Law standing in elegant dress before an elegant garden. [Mr. John Law, king's councilor in all affairs, controller-general of finances in 1720.]
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Op en ondergang der actieoni …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Op en ondergang der actieonisten.
Image technique engraved plate [7]
Narrative description Investment schemes.[The rising and falling of the share-dealers.] Images include in the central image a view of the court of the Tuileries where two men have fought a duel and one lies dead on the payment. Below this image is another which appears to have been nailed to the first, titled “Quinquempoix.” with a street scene of people exchanging pieces of paper. Quinquempoix is the name of a street in [Amsterdam] which had the headquarters of the Compagnie des Indes. These two images are surrounded by vignettes of 1) a ship landing on a shore and 2) men digging in the earth or mining. At the top is a portrait of John Law of Lauriston flanked by a wolf devouring a sheep and a monkey. Two medallions show the wheel of fortune with men being crushed under it and another showing white men trying to scrub a black man with whitewash. On either side of the image of Quinquempoix is Mercury or the symbol of commerce with his winged hat and caduceus turning away from the viewer and a man representing debt harassing a man in rags representing poverty.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Opkomts, midden, en geen eyn …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Opkomts, midden, en geen eynde van den doortrapte Jan Lauw.
Image technique engraved plate [63]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Rise, middle, and no-end of the crafty John Law.] The many scenes in the life of John Law are shown with the largest showing Law being received by the dukes of Orleans and Bourbon in a city square in Paris. Sixteen small designs telling a version of Law's career surround the central scene: he feeds a horse in a stable; he runs to join a mounted troop of soldiers; he pours wine for a lady and gentleman; he kills Beau Wilson in a duel; he takes flight by sea; trunks are brought out to him as his horse is prepared for a journey to Venice; he sits gambling at backgammon with another man in a chamber in Venice; he presents his financial scheme to Louis XIV and his council; as Controller General of the Finances of France he sits in a council chamber addressed by obsequious attendants; he sits at a carpet-covered table while three well-dressed men seek to invest their money with him; a crowd assembles by a harbor where broadsides advertise shares for sale; a crowd of men holding share certificates on which masks are printed gather outside a fortified building; a mob throws stones at Law's carriage; the carriage is attacked outside the Palais Royal; Law sits at a table approached by a disappointed investor; he watches while two men pour coins into a basin and a third stirs them. A portrait of John Law surrounded by cobwebs is at the top.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Pasquins windkaart op de win …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Pasquins windkaart op de windnegotie van 't iaar 1720.
Image technique fold-out engraved plate [63]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Pasquin's wind card on the wind trade of the year 1720.] A set of cards showing suits of clubs, hearts, spades, and diamonds and lampoons John Law's Mississippi Bubble scheme, the South Sea Company, and other parties engaged in the speculation.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Quincampoix in duigen.
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Quincampoix in duigen.
Image technique engraved plate [14]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Quinquampoix (Quinquempoix) destroyed.] Many people rampage and riot in front of a store front whose windows have been broken and whose walls are falling down. a flock of crows carry shares in their beaks, a chariot with horses, a town in the distance. In the air is a lion of Holland, a cock or rooster holding a paper marked Mississipi for the Mississippi Company, and a crowned hound holding a paper marked "Zuyt"� for the South Sea Company.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Quinquanpoix
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Quinquanpoix
Image technique engraved plate [10]
Narrative description Investment schemes. In the interior of a coffee house, probably on the rue Quinquempoix, [Amsterdam], surrounded by four other designs. A group of people stand and talk. A man lies on the floor. A bust of John Lauw [Law] surmounts the arch between the rooms. Also includes Mercury in a fool's dress accompanied by monkeys or apes chasing bubbles and a pig or boar. Includes a man falling off a cliff, rats eating a cat, Icarus with his wings melting and falling into the sea, a man digging with a spade, a man with a wheelbarrow, a treasure chest infested with rats, Phaeton falls and a Fury assaults a prostrate woman, a ship off shore seems about to founder and next to it Pallas Athena chained with an owl, an overturned globe, a book palette and brushes and violin. Above her is a game board with 23 spaces.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Schyn bedriegt
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Schyn bedriegt
Image technique engraved plate [28]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Appearances are deceitful.] A scene at a playhouse. Includes a man or Bombario [hunched-backed fool] juggling bubbles while a woman kneels before him. Also includes a ship at sea, a woman on a throne. Drunken men sit on the side of the stage.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Stryd tuszen de smullende bu …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Stryd tuszen de smullende bubbel heeren, en de aanstaande armoede.
Image technique engraved plate [25]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Encounter of the carousing bubble lords and menacing poverty.] Various members of the working class--seamstress, fisherman, sausage-maker, pretzel-maker, and other merchants, etc. Includes fish and meats on spits, bead in baskets fowl and bottles, and a fishing net.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Toverkaart of Genees middle …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Toverkaart of Genees middle der Wind-breuken vant Zuid west en de Uitvaart van Cartouche,
Image technique engraved plate [71]
Narrative description Investment schemes. An undivided engraved sheet of 18 cards lettered A-S, each with an illustration of a street performer and accompanying verse text.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Tytel-Print der Actie-Kraam …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Tytel-Print der Actie-Kraam of Voor-hof van Quinquenpoix.
Image technique engraved plate [1]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Title print of the stockshop or court of Quinquempoix.] View of the stock shop of Quinquenpoix [Quinquempoix ] or John Law. A gentleman in an elaborate wig kneels before a woman. Angels shoot arrows at a single eye in the heavens. Surrounded by vignettes which include a native American with an alligator, a woman surrounded by windheads who gives bubbles to native Americans in feathered headdresses, a gentleman who hair is pulled by devils who are also fleecing him, and Neptune with a ship. At the bottom a merchant counts his bags of money. Mercury with his caduceus and winged hat and Neptune with his trident point to the fanciful oval. Quinquempoix is the name of a street in [Amsterdam] which had the headquarters of the Compagnie des Indes and was associated with John Law.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Uystlag der wind negotie.
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Uystlag der wind negotie.
Image technique engraved plate [13]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Result of the wind trade.] Many people are receiving shares from a man who sits on chair and from whose horn of plenty pours cabbages. Also includes Bombario in the dress of Punch, as a peddler wearing spectacles and holding a tray of quack medicine, an insane person with stockings on his head and smoke rising from his mouth, a madhouse in the upper right, a windmill in the distance, a chariot and horse, men digging a trench, and a castle in the clouds. Items in the image are identified in text below.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Vasten avonds vreugde krans …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Vasten avonds vreugde krans en tooneel stuk.
Image technique engraved plate [60]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Shrove Tide's wreath of joy and the drama.] An angel or Cupid teaches a satyr to play on pan pipes in a warning for John Law. The figures are surrounded by other angels, devils, spirits, a fox with a builder’s level, a mask, and windheads. This image is within a framework which includes caricatures of a acrobat or “posture master” and two other men, a pheasant, fish, a tobacco pipe bunch of carrots, dice, musical instruments such as a guitar [?] and horn, and bags of money.
Subject South Sea Bubble
1720
Verhens-beker van Fi-�ne of …
South Sea Bubble
[Amsterdam]
Title Verhens-beker van Fi-�ne of Vianen. / Rector magnificus van de ongeactioneerde litteratuur. / Ontsprongen rondom bedekte blaaskaak. / Contrarolleur van de gelukkige en rampzalige lapis-zoekers.
Image technique engraved plate [27]
Narrative description Investment schemes. [Drinking cup, of Fi-ane or Vianen. / The rector magnificus of un-actined (shareless) literature. / The boaster, covered (with armor?) who has escaped. / The controller of the fortunate and miserable lapis seekers, or searchers for the philosopher's stone.] Set of four cards on one sheet. The first card shows a caricature of an old man holding a flagon. In the background is a dining scene. The second card shows a scholar wearing a win and holding a hat. In the background is another scholar with a dog. The third card shows a man or dandy wearing a very broad-brimmed hat and holding a playing card while in the background a knight rides towards other men, perhaps representing a duel. The fourth card shows an old man reading a scroll. He represents a legal figure and his caricature shows a man and a woman consulting with a lawyer [?].
Subject South Sea Bubble
1737
THE EUROPEAN RACE HEAT 1.st …
European balance of power
[London]. Publish'd accordin …
Title THE EUROPEAN RACE HEAT 1.st ANNO DOM. MDCCXXXVII Humbly inscrib'd to ye Politicians of Great Britain, France, Spain, Rusia, Turky, Germany, Italy Holland and Corsica, by their most Obedient Servant. An Englishman
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A race with England in last place. Criticism of Horace Walpole's supposed intrigue with France. References to Spanish depredations on English ships and cruelties inflicted upon Englishmen by the Spanish. Images include: Europe, Asia, Africa, and America as judges; Britain as a tethered bulldog; Britain as a lion; the Devil; Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury of France as a fox; Holland riding a boar; King of Hungary riding an eagle; Russia as a bear; Winged Time; Turkey on an elephant.
Subject European balance of power
1738
THE EUROPEAN RACE
European balance of power
[London]. Publish'd accordin …
Title THE EUROPEAN RACE
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A race with England in last place at Gilbratar. Criticism of Horace Walpole's supposed intrigue with France. References to Spanish depredations on English ships and cruelties inflicted upon Englishmen by the Spanish. Images include: Europe, Asia, Africa, and America as judges; Britain as a saddled lion; the dogs of Europe fighting over spoils with the true English breed [a mastiff] separated and facing away from the action; the Devil; Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury of France as a fox; Holland riding a boar; King of Hungary riding an eagle; Russia as a bear; Winged Time; Turkey on an elephant; King Theodore the 1st thrown from his horse, and the Pope (the monkey) on the distance post wears the papal crown or tiara. The British navy stands idle in the harbor.
Subject European balance of power
1738
THE EUROPEAN RACE
European balance of power
[London]. Publish'd accordin …
Title THE EUROPEAN RACE
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A race with England in last place at Gilbratar. Criticism of Horace Walpole's supposed intrigue with France. References to Spanish depredations on English ships and cruelties inflicted upon Englishmen by the Spanish. Images include: Europe, Asia, Africa, and America as judges; Britain as a saddled lion; the dogs of Europe fighting over spoils with the true English breed [a mastiff] separated and facing away from the action; the Devil; Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury of France as a fox; Holland riding a boar; King of Hungary riding an eagle; Russia as a bear; Winged Time; Turkey on an elephant; King Theodore the 1st thrown from his horse, and the Pope (the monkey) on the distance post does not wear the papal crown or tiara. The British navy stands idle in the harbor.
Subject European balance of power
1739
THE EUROPEAN RACE HEAT IIId. …
European balance of power
[London]. According to the l …
Title THE EUROPEAN RACE HEAT IIId. ANNO DOM. MDCCXXXIX. Inscrib'd to the Greatest Politician in Europe, By his most Obedt. Humble Servt. An Englishman.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description A race course near the seashore. Criticism of the Treaty of Pardo, which left undecided the question of France's right to search British ships navigating in American waters. Images include: Europe, Asia, Africa, and America as judges; Emperor of Austria-Hungary as as an eagle; Britain as a bulldog; Britain as a saddled lion led by an ape; British navy idle; the Devil; Elizabeth I, Queen of England; Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury as "Universal Monarchy"; Fort Mahon; France as a monkey; Russia as a bear; Spain riding a wolf; Turkey on an elephant.
Subject European balance of power
1740
THE EUROPEAN STATE JOCKIES R …
European balance of power Wa …
[London]
Title THE EUROPEAN STATE JOCKIES Running a Heat for the BALLANCE OF POWER, with various designs adapted for the Year 1740.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description A race by the seashore. Britain challenges Spain in the West Indies. Images include: America, Africa, Europe, and Asia as judges; Russia on a bear; Turkey on an elephant; Sultan of Turkey; scales of power; Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury; Spain thrown from a wolf; British lion; Holland smoking a pipe accompanied by a hog laden with merchandise; Elector of Bavaria; King of Hungary on an eagle; Captain Robert Jenkins with his severed ear.
Subject European balance of power War of Jenkins' Ear
1740
The EVIL GENIUS of ENGLAND R …
War of Jenkins' Ear
[London]
Title The EVIL GENIUS of ENGLAND Represented in Several SCENES relating to the War
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Ineffectiveness of English response to Spain is ascribed to "evil genius" and incompetent statesmen whose positions were attained by privilege. Images include: "evil genius"; Admiral Edward Vernon; British politicians; British people.
Subject War of Jenkins' Ear
1755
BRITAIN'S RIGHTS maintaind; …
Seven Years' War
[London]. Publishd According …
Title BRITAIN'S RIGHTS maintaind; or FRENCH AMBITION dismantled. Addrest to the Laudable Societys of ANTI-GALICANS, The generous Promoters of British Arts & Manufactories By ... a lover of His country.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Celebration of British victories in North America. Images include: America as an Indian; Britain as Jack Tar; Britain as a lion; Britannia; France as a cock; "genius" of France as a politician; France as a weeping woman; Mars; Neptune; British people celebrating.
Subject Seven Years' War
1755
BRITISH RESENTMENT or the FR …
Seven Years' War
[London]. Publishd According …
Title BRITISH RESENTMENT or the FRENCH fairly COOPT at Louisbourg
Image technique Etching, colored
Narrative description Celebration of British victories over France in North America. English blockade of Louisbourg, Nova Scotia. Images include: America as an Indian; Britannia; Britain as a lion; British coat-of-arms; French coat-of-arms; France as a cock; the "people of France" as politicians; people of Louisbourg, caged; Mars; Neptune; Niagara Falls; British sailors; British soldiers; British navy; English rose, thriving; French lily dying.
Subject Seven Years' War
1755
BRITISH RESENTMENT or the FR …
Seven Years' War
[London]. Publishd According …
Title BRITISH RESENTMENT or the FRENCH fairly COOPT at Louisbourg
Image technique Etching, colored
Narrative description Celebration of British victories over France in North America. English blockade of Louisbourg. Images include: America as an Indian; Britannia; Britain as a lion; British coat-of-arms; French coat-of-arms; France as a cock; the "people of France" as politicians; people of Louisbourg, caged; Mars; Neptune; Niagara Falls; British sailors; British soldiers; British navy; English rose, thriving; French lily dying.
Subject Seven Years' War
1755
THE GRAND MONARQUE in a Frig …
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title THE GRAND MONARQUE in a Fright: Or the BRITISH LION rous'd from his Lethargy
Image technique Etching
Narrative description British confrontation with France over North America. Images include: M. de Argenson [perhaps Marc-Pierre de Voyer de Paulmy d'Argenson]; Britain as a lion; Britannia; Jacques-Pierre de Taffanel, Marquis de la Jonquière (French governor of New France); Louis XV, King of France (1715-1774); British navy; Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle.
Subject Seven Years' War
1755
THE THREE RENOWNED HIBERNIAN …
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title THE THREE RENOWNED HIBERNIAN HEROES
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Celebration of the victories of William Blakeney, Sir Peter Warren, and Sir William Johnson.
Subject Seven Years' War
1756
[An effigy of an unpopular m …
British political scene
[London]
Title [An effigy of an unpopular minister being led to the gallows on horseback].
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Fall of the Newcastle and Fox administration, (November 1756). Images include: London street mob.
Subject British political scene
1756
A COURT CONVERSATION
British political scene
[London]
Title A COURT CONVERSATION
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Fall of Newcastle and Fox administration (November 1756). Images include: Admiral George Anson as a goose; Admiral John Byng hung in effigy; Hardwicke, ?; Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox; Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle; seige of Port Mahon; Baron George Lyttelton; map of North America.
Subject British political scene
1756
A Nurse for the Hess[ia]ns
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title A Nurse for the Hess[ia]ns
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Hessian mercenaries hired to help protect England in the event of a French invasion will strip the country of its wealth. Images include: Hessian soldiers (mercenaries); Britain as a nurse.
Subject Seven Years' War
1756
THE ENGLISH LION DISMEMBER'D …
Seven Years' War
[London]. Publish'd accordin …
Title THE ENGLISH LION DISMEMBER'D Or the Voice of the Public for an enquiry into the loss of Minorca–with Adl. B[yn]g's plea before his Examiners.
Image technique Etching, colored
Narrative description Assigning the blame for British territorial losses. British reaction to the loss of Minorca and to French encroachment in North America. Court martial of Admiral John Byng. Images include: Great Britain s a lion; Lord Mayor of London; Hanoverian soldiers; France as a cock shredding the British flag; British people; English politicians; French politicians.
Subject Seven Years' War
1757
THE TRIUMPH OF CAESAR.
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title THE TRIUMPH OF CAESAR.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Criticism of the Duke of Cumberland (shown driving a farm cart) for his focus on the "turnip farms" of Hanover to the neglect of British interests in North America. images include: Prince William, Duke of Cumberland; Henry Fox, Lord Holland; Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle; King of Prussia.
Subject Seven Years' War
1757
THE RECRUITING SERJEANT OR B …
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title THE RECRUITING SERJEANT OR BRITTANNIAIS[sic] HAPPY PROSPECT.
Image technique Etching, colored
Narrative description Fox's efforts to form a government after the dismissal of Pitt and Legge is compared with a military procession to recruit soldiers. Images include: Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, as a statue; Mr. Duddington; Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox; Wellbore Ellis, Lord Mendip, as a drummer; John Montague, Earl Sandwich; Earl of Winschelsea.
Subject Seven Years' War
1757
WITHOUT. From the London Eve …
Seven Years' War
[London]. Published accordin …
Title WITHOUT. From the London Evening Post of Saturday June 11, 1757.
Image technique Etching, colored
Narrative description Criticism of British government policies that supposedly leave the country suffering starvation and idleness. Images include: American colonists under attack by French and Indians; British people in poverty; British bishops as gamblers and drunks; British counselors as geese; British nobility as thieves; British politicians as thieves; British sailors begging; British soldiers idle; British navy idle.
Subject Seven Years' War
1757
The Recruiting Serjeant, or …
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title The Recruiting Serjeant, or Britannias Happy Prospect.
Image technique Engraving.
Narrative description Fox's efforts to form a government after the dismissal of Pitt and Legge is compared with a military procession to recruit soldiers. Images include: Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, as a statue; a Mr. Duddington; Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox; Wellbore Ellis, Lord Mendip, as a drummer; John Montague, Earl Sandwich; Earl of Winschelsea.
Subject Seven Years' War
1759
BRITONS GLORY, OR Admiral [H …
Seven Years' War
[London]. Published accordin …
Title BRITONS GLORY, OR Admiral [Hawke] Triumphant.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Celebration of successful naval engagement at Belle Isle between Admiral Edward Hawke and French Admiral Hubert de Brienne, comte de Conflans that prevented an invasion of England and weakened the naval power of France. Images include: Britannia; Baron Edward Hawke; Louis XV, King of France (1715-1774); British sailor.
Subject Seven Years' War
1761
Merit Triumphant over Factio …
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title Merit Triumphant over Faction, A Monument to Perpetuate the Glorious Success of the British Arms under the Administration of our Late Worthy Patriot Minister.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Celebration of British victories during William Pitt, Earl Chatham's, administration. Pitt's political enemies are attacked for endangering the war effort. Images include: Duke of Bedford; Britannia; François de Bussy (of France); Fame; Lord Mayor of London; Truth; Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle; British sailor; Father Time.
Subject Seven Years' War
1761
OLD TIME'S advice to BRITANN …
Seven Years' War
[London]. Publish'd Accordin …
Title OLD TIME'S advice to BRITANNIA Or ENGLISH REFLECTIONS on G[ER]M[A]N CONECTIONS.
Image technique Etching, in red ink.
Narrative description England and Germany face off across the water. Criticism of William Pitt, Earl Chatham, for expense of hiring German mercenaries to fight against France. Images include: Britannia; Marquis of Granby; Hessian soldiers; British navy; British sailor.
Subject Seven Years' War
1762
THE EVACUATION, or AN EMETIC …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title THE EVACUATION, or AN EMETIC for OLD ENGLAND, by a SCOT.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Britannia attended by a doctor. Criticism of Bute's proposed terms for peace with France. Images include: Britannia blindfolded and wrapped in a tartan; John Stuart, Earl of Bute as an ass's head; France as M. Lewis Baboon; Henry Fox, Lord Holland with a clyster pipe and a pipe; liberty cap; Duc de Nivernois; Tobias Smollet as a doctor; Peace as a bubble.
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
The CALEDONIAN MARCH and EMB …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
London
Title The CALEDONIAN MARCH and EMBARKATION.
Image technique Etching.
Narrative description Scotsmen emigrating. Alleged abuse of government patronage by John Stuart, Earl of Bute, upon his accession to the Treasury after William Pitt's resignation (October 1761).
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
The loaded BOOT or, Scotch p …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title The loaded BOOT or, Scotch preferment in Motion or Monsieurs will you ride.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Preliminary Peace with France (November 3, 1762). The "jack boot of State." Criticism of Bute and Scottish influence on the terms of the proposed peace settlement with France. Images include: Duke of Bedford; John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as a boot; Prince Charles Edward Stuart (the Young Pretender) pushing a cart; Charlotte, Queen of Great Britain, as a zebra; William Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire; George III, King of Great Britain, as a white horse; George Grenville; Holdernesse; Order of the Garter; Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox; the Princess of Wales on wheels as the "Scotch State Machine."
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
A Prophesy. The COACH OVERTU …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title A Prophesy. The COACH OVERTURN'D or the fall of MORTIMER.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Treaty of Paris. Criticism of Bute and the terms of the peace. Images include: America as a horse; William Beckford, Lord Mayor of London; Britannia; John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as Roger Mortimer, Earl of March; William Pitt, Earl of Chatham; Charlotte, Queen of Great Britain, as a lioness; Charles Churchill in clerical robes; Duke of Cumberland (George III's brother); Germany, as a horse; Marquis of Granby as a cavalry officer; the island of Guadeloupe as a horse; William Hogarth prostrate; Henry Fox, Lord Holland; John Campbell, Earl of Loudoun; William Murray, Earl of Mansfield; Island of Martinique as a horse; Arthur Murphey (well-known comic dramatist; his political paper, The Auditor, supported Bute's administration) as the "auditor"; Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle; the North Briton as a cannon; Pondicherry, India, as a horse; Quebec, as a horse; Tobias Smollett as the "Briton."
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
An Hieroglyphical, Enigmatic …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title An Hieroglyphical, Enigmatical, & Paradoxical Address, to the Laird of the [boot] relative to the Loss of NEWFOUNDLAND.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Rebus letter addressed to John Stuart, Earl of Bute, on the subject of Britain's loss of Newfoundland to France.
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
Britannia guided by Justice …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title Britannia guided by Justice & c. c. c.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763). Rare satire in support of John Stuart, Earl of Bute, the "favorite' who became Prime Minister May 29, 1762. British successes in North America. Images include: Britannia; Justice on a pedestal; John Stuart, Earl of Bute, with a laurel wreath; the Royal Exchange.
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
SIC TRANSIT GLORIA MUNDI.
British political scene Bute …
[London]
Title SIC TRANSIT GLORIA MUNDI.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description William Pitt blowing bubbles. Satire intended to discredit Pitt, probably published by Bute's party. Images include: man on platform carving a liberty cap from a crown; Palace Yard, Westminster; William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, astride a bubble and blowing bubbles.
Subject British political scene Bute Administration (May 1762-April1763)
1762
THE CONGRESS; OR, A DEVICE t …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]. Publish'd accordin …
Title THE CONGRESS; OR, A DEVICE to lower the LAND-TAX. To the TUNE of, Doodle, Doodle, Do, &c.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Criticism of the peace between England and France concluded by Bute's ministry in 1763. Images include: Britain as a chained lion held by a Frenchman; John Stuart, Earl of Bute, under the standard of England; the standard of England as the Princess of Wales' petticoat and a boot; English Glory, entombed.
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April, 1763)
1762
The Laird of the BOOT, or Ne …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title The Laird of the BOOT, or Needs must when the De'el drives.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Coaching scene. Criticism of Bute's influence in peace negotiations with France. Images include: Britannia with fallen sword and shield; John Stuart, Earl of Bute, in the Dowager Princess of Wales's petticoats; Henry Fox as a postilion; Charlotte, Queen of Great Britain, as a lioness in a carriage; William Pitt, Earl Chatham; Duke of Cumberland (George III's brother) thrown from his horse, "Hanover;" George III, King of Great Britain, as a lion; Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle; William Murray, Earl Mansfield as a Scottish jockey; Princess of Wales driving a carriage; Scotch bonnet.
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
the LAIRD of the Posts or th …
British political scene Bute …
[London]
Title the LAIRD of the Posts or the BONNETT'S EXALTED.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Musical chairs. A satire on the accession of Bute to the post of Prime Minister and a criticism of his perceived abuse of the position in favor of his Scottish countrymen. Images include: William Pitt, Earl Chatham as a pit; John Stuart, Earl of Bute, in highland dress; Scots in highland dress.
Subject British political scene Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
The TEMPEST or ENCHANTED ISL …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title The TEMPEST or ENCHANTED ISLAND.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Treaty of Paris. Bute and the Dowager Princess of Wales are thrown into the air by exploding mines. Criticism of peace terms with France. Images include: Britannia; John Stuart, Earl of Bute; William Pitt, Earl Chatham; William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (George III's brother); Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox; William Murray, Earl Mansfield; the Monitor; Arthur Murphey (well-known comic dramatist); Tobias Smollett attacked by the British lion; Duke of York; the Dowager Princess of Wales.
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1762
To the KING of the CHEROKEES …
British political scene Bute …
[London]
Title To the KING of the CHEROKEES a Lover of Englishmen this Print is Inscribed by His Most Obedient Slave the Author.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Inside and outside the Treasury Building, Whitehall. Criticism of Bute and Scottish influence in general. Images include: Treasury Building, Whitehall; Henry Fox, Lord Holland; Tobias Smollett; Scots robbing the Treasury; John Stuart, Earl of Bute.
Subject British political scene Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1763
IT'S ALL OF A PEACE, or Fren …
Seven Years' War Bute Admini …
[London]
Title IT'S ALL OF A PEACE, or French Leuisdores [sic] for English Bricks.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Treaty of Paris. Alleged corruption of Bute's ministry, which is accused of bartering away English gains without equivalent concessions from France. Images include: Britannia despondent; John Stuart, Earl of Bute; William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (George III's brother); France fiddling; King of France; Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox; Lansdowne House; City of London under clouds; City of Paris in sunshine; King of Spain.
Subject Seven Years' War Bute Administration (May 1762-April 1763)
1764
THE ELECTION. A MEDLEY. Humb …
British colonial politics
[Philadelphia]
Title THE ELECTION. A MEDLEY. Humbly Inscribed, to Squire Lilliput Professor of SCURRILLITY.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Colonial religious factions. The vote for assemblymen at the Old Court House, Philadelphia, 1764. Images include: Old Court House, Philadelphia.
Subject British colonial politics
1765
THE TOMB=STONE.
Stamp Act
London
Title THE TOMB=STONE.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Lament for the death of William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (October 31, 1765). His adversaries dance on his tomb. Images include: America weeping; Duke of Bedford; Britannia weeping; the devil as a Scot; Discord; George Grenville; George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax; John Montagu, Earl Sandwich; "Sejanus" (Bute); Dr. W. Scott as a dog in clerical dress ("Anti-Sejanus"); Ursa Major.
Subject Stamp Act
1765
The Great Financier, or Brit …
Stamp Act Grenville Administ …
[London]
Title The Great Financier, or British OEconomy for the Years 1763, 1764, 1765.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Question of the legality of the General Warrants issued for the arrest of the authors, printers, and publishers of John Wilkes's North Briton, no. 45 (April 23, 1763), which was insulting to George III. General Warrants were eventually declared illegal. Images include: America as a burdened Indian; Britannia despondent; the Economy as a servant; ships for sale; William Pitt, Earl Chatham, on a crutch; George Grenville holding a scale; a prison; "Stamp Men," (tax collectors).
Subject Stamp Act Grenville Administration (April 1763-July 1765) General Warrants
1765
SIX MEDALLIONS shewing the c …
Stamp Act General Warrants T …
[London]
Title SIX MEDALLIONS shewing the chief national servises of his new Friends the old ministry. Inscribed to E[ar]l T[empl]e.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Medallions depict various issues–the Treaty of Paris, Scottish influence in British politics, the Stamp Act and other taxes, and British domestic politics. Images include: America as a woman attacked; Britannia forced to her knees; John Stuart, Earl Bute; the Devil; France as a woman; George Grenville; Spain as a Roman soldier; Scotland as Scotia; Viscount George Townshend as a weathervane; Charles Yorke as Janus; William Murray, Lord Mansfield, as Lord Jeffries; Earl Temple in a fool's cap.
Subject Stamp Act General Warrants Tension between Britain and the American colonies
1765
THE DEPLORABLE STATE of AMER …
Stamp Act
[London]
Title THE DEPLORABLE STATE of AMERICA or SC[OTC]H GOVERNMENT.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Criticism of England's imposition of the Stamp Act on the American colonies and its implications for liberty and trade. Images include: America as an Indian; Britannia; John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as a boot; Stamp Act as Pandora's box; "wind of change"; King of France; liberty cap; Liberty, prostrate, attacked by a snake; liberty tree; Loyalty; Mercury as Commerce; Minerva.
Subject Stamp Act
1765
The last SHIFT.
Stamp Act Grenville Administ …
[London]
Title The last SHIFT.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Criticism of Lord Bute, who was considered the instigator of the Stamp Act. Images include: American colonists; John Stuart, Lord Bute; George III, King of Great Britain.
Subject Stamp Act Grenville Administration (April, 1763-July 1765)
1765
The STATE of the NATION An: …
Stamp Act General Warrants
[London]
Title The STATE of the NATION An: Dom: 1765 &c.
Image technique Etching.
Narrative description A scene on the seashore. Britain leans against an angry America. The Stamp Act is criticized and the legality of the General Warrants is questioned. Images include: America as an Indian; Britannia in distress; John Stuart, Earl of Bute; Charles Pratt, Baron Camden; William Pitt, Earl Chatham with a liberty cap; George Grenville with a drawn sword; William Murray, Earl of Mansfield
Subject Stamp Act General Warrants
1766
THE REPEAL OR THE FUNERAL OF …
Stamp Act
London
Title THE REPEAL OR THE FUNERAL OF MISS AME=STAMP.
Image technique Etching, colored
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act. Funeral procession with harbor in the background. Images include: Duke of Bedford; John Stuart, Earl of Bute(Sejanus); ships named for H. S. Conway, the Duke of Grafton, and Marquis Rockingham; George Grenville (Mr. George Stamp); George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax; Sir Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley; John Montagu, Earl Sandwich (Jemmy Twitcher); Dr. W. Scott (Anti-Sejanus); Earl Temple (Lord Gawkee); Alexander Wedderburn, Solicitor General.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
COMMON-WEALTH. The COLOSSUS
Stamp Act
[London]
Title COMMON-WEALTH. The COLOSSUS
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act and criticism of Pitt for accepting a peerage. Pitt on crutches spans the Atlantic from New England to London. The administration is criticized for allegedly encouraging revolt against the Stamp Act. Images include: William Pitt, Earl Chatham, as the Colossus; Earl Temple as Fame; New York; London; St. Stephen's chapel.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
COMMON-WEALTH. The COLOSSUS.
Stamp Act
[London]
Title COMMON-WEALTH. The COLOSSUS.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act and criticism of Pitt for accepting a peerage. Pitt on crutches spans the Atlantic from New England to London. The administration is criticized for allegedly encouraging revolt against the Stamp Act. Images include: William Pitt, Earl Chatham, as the Colossus; Earl Temple as Fame; New York; London; St. Stephen's chapel.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
Goody Bull or the Second Par …
Stamp Act
[London]
Title Goody Bull or the Second Part of the Repeal.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act. Scene on a seashore. Images include: America as an Indian; Britain as a lion; Britannia fallen; William Pitt, Earl Chatham, with crutches and as a statue; liberty cap.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
THE REPEAL OR THE FUNERAL OF …
Stamp Act
[London]
Title THE REPEAL OR THE FUNERAL OF MISS AME=STAMP.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act. Funeral procession with harbor in the background. Images include: Duke of Bedford; John Stuart, Earl of Bute(Sejanus); ships named for H. S. Conway, the Duke of Grafton, and Marquis Rockingham; George Grenville (Mr. George Stamp); George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax; Sir Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley; John Montagu, Earl Sandwich (Jemmy Twitcher); Dr. W. Scott (Anti-Sejanus); Earl Temple (Lord Gawkee); Alexander Wedderburn, Solicitor General.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
THE REPEAL.
Stamp Act
[London]
Title THE REPEAL.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act. Funeral procession with harbor in the background. Images include: Duke of Bedford; John Stuart, Earl of Bute(Sejanus); ships named for H. S. Conway, the Duke of Grafton, and Marquis Rockingham; George Grenville (Mr. George Stamp); George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax; Sir Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley; John Montagu, Earl Sandwich (Jemmy Twitcher); Dr. W. Scott (Anti-Sejanus); Earl Temple (Lord Gawkee); Alexander Wedderburn, Solicitor General.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
THE REPEAL.
Stamp Act
[London].
Title THE REPEAL.
Image technique Etching.
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act. Funeral procession with harbor in the background. Images include: Duke of Bedford; John Stuart, Earl of Bute(Sejanus); ships named for H. S. Conway, the Duke of Grafton, and Marquis Rockingham; George Grenville (Mr. George Stamp); George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax; Sir Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley; John Montagu, Earl Sandwich (Jemmy Twitcher); Dr. W. Scott (Anti-Sejanus); Earl Temple (Lord Gawkee); Alexander Wedderburn, Solicitor General.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
THE REPEAL. or the Funeral P …
Stamp Act
[London]
Title THE REPEAL. or the Funeral Procession, of MISS AMERIC-STAMP.
Image technique Etching, colored
Narrative description Repeal of the Stamp Act. Funeral procession with harbor in the background. Images include: Duke of Bedford; John Stuart, Earl of Bute(Sejanus); ships named for H. S. Conway, the Duke of Grafton, and Marquis Rockingham; George Grenville (Mr. George Stamp); George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax; Sir Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley; John Montagu, Earl Sandwich (Jemmy Twitcher); Dr. W. Scott (Anti-Sejanus); Earl Temple (Lord Gawkee); Alexander Wedderburn, Solicitor General.
Subject Stamp Act
1766
The TRIUMPH of America.
Chatham Administration (Augu …
[London]
Title The TRIUMPH of America.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Pitt and the six leading members of his administration. Pitt drives a carriage carrying America. Images include: America as an Indian; Charles Pratt, Baron Camden, as the horse, "Prerogative"; William Pitt, Earl Chatham, with a crown; H. S. Conway as the horse, "Prudence"; Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton, as the horse, "Royal Oak"; Robert Henley, Earl Northingron, as the horse, "Prudence"; William Petty, Earl Shelburne, as the horse, "Crafty"; George, Viscount Townshend, as the horse, "Weathercock".
Subject Chatham Administration (August 1766-December 1767)
1766
THE WHEEL of FORTUNE or ENGL …
Chatham Administration (Augu …
[London]
Title THE WHEEL of FORTUNE or ENGLAND in TEARS.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description William Pitt, the Earl of Bute, and Fortune astride a wheel of fortune. Hardship in England. Emigration to America. Images include: Britannia lamenting; John Stuart, Earl of Bute, fondling Fortune; A. H. Campbell; William Pitt, Earl Chatham, in a feathered headdress; the Devil, fashionably dressed; Fortune blindfolded, with a scourge; Hibernia lamenting; William Murray, Earl Mansfield; Monopoly as a fat man; John Wilkes.
Subject Chatham Administration (August 1766-December 1767)
1767
A VIEW of LORD BUTE'S ERECTI …
Chatham administration (Augu …
[London]
Title A VIEW of LORD BUTE'S ERECTIONS at Kew; with some Part of Kew Green, and Gardens.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Bird's eye view of the appearance and arrangement of houses at Kew, with reference to the alleged liaison between John Stuart, Lord Bute and the Princess of Wales.
Subject Chatham administration (August 1766-December 1767).
1767
Samson pulling down the Pill …
Chatham Administration (Augu …
[London]
Title Samson pulling down the Pillars.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Influence of Lord Bute is presented as destructive of the constitution and the country. Images include: Britannia; John Stuart, Lord Bute, as Sampson; Charles Pratt, Baron Camden; Charlotte, Queen of Great Britain; George III, King of Great Britain; George, Prince of Wales (afterwards George IV); John Manners, Marquis of Granby, as a cavalry officer; Irish harp; Edward, Baron Hawke, with a trident; Thomas Secker [?], Archbishop of Canterbury; Westminster Abbey.
Subject Chatham Administration (August 1766-December 1767)
1767
The Colossus
Chatham administration (Augu …
[London]
Title The Colossus
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Increasing unpopularity of the ministry and of Pitt himself for accepting a peerage (Earl of Chatham). Pitt was perceived as allying himself with Bute, whose power is represented as based upon lust and fraud. Images include: Duke of Bedford; John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as Colossus; Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley; Francis Seymour Conway, Earl of Hertford; Henry Fox, Lord Holland; Liberty with liberty cap and staff of maintenance; Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle; St. James Palace; John Montagu, Earl of Sandwich, as "Jemmy Twitcher;" Dr. W. Scott (Anti-Sejanus); Earl Temple.
Subject Chatham administration (August 1766-December 1767).
1767
THE DUUMVIRATE.
Chatham administration (Augu …
[London]
Title THE DUUMVIRATE.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Reflects the popular view that Pitt had formed a coalition with the Earl of Bute in return for his peerage. Images include: execution on Tower Hill; William Pitt, Earl Chatham; John Stuart, Earl of Bute.
Subject Chatham administration (August 1766-+December 1767)
1767
The Wire Master, and his Pup …
Chatham administration (Augu …
[London]
Title The Wire Master, and his Puppets.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Bute is presented as an occult power in British politics. Images include: Britannia lamenting; the Devil; Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley; Henry Fox, Lord Holland; St James' Palace; John Montague, Earl Sandwich, as "Jemmy Twitcher"; William Pitt, Earl of Catham, on crutches; Charles Pratt, Baron Camden; William Warburton, Bishop of Gloucester; William Wildman, Viscount Barrington, holding a letter.
Subject Chatham administration (August 1766-December 1767).
1768
A WARM PLACE–HELL.
North American political sce …
[Boston]
Title A WARM PLACE–HELL.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description On February 11, 1768, the Massachusetts House of Representatives approved a "Circulatory Letter'"opposing various Acts of Parliament. Parliament ordered that the vote be rescinded. On June 30, 1768, the House voted again and 92 members voted not to rescind and 17 voted to rescind. The 17 "rescinders" are satirized in this print. Images include: Dr. John Calef with a calf's head; the Devil; Hell; Timothy Ruggles (an American loyalist).
Subject North American political scene. Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1768
[Avaunt ye troublers of a Wo …
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title [Avaunt ye troublers of a World's repose]
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Liberty, George III, and Britannia listen to the pleas of a commoner. This may refer to the cause of John Wilkes, who was elected to the House of Commons but rejected by votes of the "King's friends" three times. The affair of the "Middlesex election" resulted eventually in freedom of election for the House of Commons. Images include: the "British people"; liberty cap; staff of maintenance.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1768
Captain Macheath.
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title Captain Macheath.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Focus on the East India Company's extensive and lucrative holdings in Bengal (an "empire" in the hands of merchants) that had attracted the attention of the Grafton administration. Images include: William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, with a crown and fleur-de-lys; Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton, as a highwayman.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1768
Edward the Third siezing Mor …
Chatham administration (Augu …
[London]
Title Edward the Third siezing Mortimer.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A parallel between the capture of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, by Edward III in 1330, and the supposed downfall of Lord Bute on William Pitt's accession to power in August, 1766. Images include: George III, King of Great Britain, as Edward III; John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as Mortimer; Princess of Wales pleading for Bute/Mortimer.
Subject Chatham administration (August 1766-December 1767).
1768
Harlequin.
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title Harlequin.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Antagonism towards William Pitt for accepting a peerage. Images include: Wiliam Pitt, Earl of Chatham, as harlequin draped in plaid; John Stuart, Earl of Bute; the Devil; liberty cap; staff of maintenance, broken.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1768
Hercules Cleaning the Augean …
Grafton administration (Dece …
[London]
Title Hercules Cleaning the Augean Stable.
Image technique Etchng
Narrative description John Wilkes's election as a member of Parliament for Middlesex was expected to reform the House of Commons. Images include: Bribery, Corruption, and Hypocrisy as a 3-headed monster; Britannia lamenting; Sir John Cust, Speaker of the House of Commons; Discord as Medusa; Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley.
Subject Grafton administration (December 1767- January 1770). British political scene.
1768
JOHN WILKES ELECTED KNIGHT O …
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title JOHN WILKES ELECTED KNIGHT OF THE SHIRE FOR MIDDLSEX ON THE XXVIIITH. OF MARCH, MDCCLXVII BY THE FREE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description British political scene. John Wilkes's election as a member of Parliament for Middlesex was expected to reform the House of Commons. Images include: Envy as a serpent; liberty cap; staff of maintenance; Hercules. Liberty as a boy; Minerva
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1768
La GRANDE Bretagne: ses Colo …
British colonial politics
[Paris?]
Title La GRANDE Bretagne: ses Colonies REDUITES.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Loss of North American colonies will destroy the British economy. Images include: Britain as Belisarus with amputated limbs, ships for sale.
Subject British colonial politics
1768
MAGNA Britannia: her Colonie …
British colonial politics
[London]
Title MAGNA Britannia: her Colonies REDUC'D.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Loss of North American colonies will destroy the British economy. Images include: Britain as Belisarus with amputated limbs, ships for sale.
Subject British colonial politics
1768
MAGNA Britannia: her Colonie …
British colonial politics
[London]
Title MAGNA Britannia: her Colonies REDUCED.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Loss of North American colonies will destroy the British economy. Images include: Britain as Belisarus with amputated limbs, ships for sale.
Subject British colonial politics
1768
Malice and Fortitude.
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title Malice and Fortitude.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description John Wilkes is threatened by enemies, including the Princess of Wales and the Earl of Bute, who were popularly suspected of making several attempts to murder him. Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute, with a sword; John Montague, Earl Sandwich, as a jockey with a cricket bat; Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley; the Magna Carta; William Murray, Earl of Mansfield; Truth.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770). British political scene.
1768
Portrait of an English Citiz …
British political scene Graf …
[London]
Title Portrait of an English Citizen who was two Years imprisioned in English Bastiles without Trial, Conviction or Sentence.
Image technique Engraving.
Narrative description Incarceration of the satirist, John Wilkes. Images include: John Wilkes in jail.
Subject British political scene Grafton administration (December, 1767-January, 1770).
1768
The Balance Master.
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title The Balance Master.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Anti-Grafton satire provoked perhaps by the ill-treatment John Wilkes believed himself to have received in his attempts to procure a pardon. Grafton, brandishing a whip, stands on a balance board supported by a debt-ridden Britannia. Images include: William Wildman, Viscount Barrington; Britannia; Charles Pratt, Baron Camden; the devil; Folly as a clown; Marquis of Granby; Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley; Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1768
The Colonies Reduced. Its Co …
British colonial politics
[London]
Title The Colonies Reduced. Its Companion.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Loss of North American colonies will destroy the British economy. Friction between Britain and the American colonies caused by policies popularly attributed to Bute. Britain's enemies will come to the aid of the American colonies and the British empire will be destroyed. Images include: America as an Indian; Britain as Belisarus with amputated limbs; ships for sale; Britannia; John Stuart, Earl of Bute, lifting Britannia's skirts; King of France; Holland stealing British ships; King of Spain.
Subject British colonial politics
1768
The ever-memorable Peace-Mak …
Seven Years' War
[London]
Title The ever-memorable Peace-Makers settling their Accounts.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Seven Years' War. Treaty of Paris. Criticism of terms of the Treaty of Paris. Allegation of bribes accepted by John Stuart, Earl of Bute, Henry Fox, Lord Holland, the Duke of Bedford, and the Princess of Wales to insure that the terms of Peace were favorable to France. Images include: the Devil; a fox.
Subject Seven Years' War
1768
THE FLIGHT from DOVER. THE A …
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title THE FLIGHT from DOVER. THE ARRIVAL at CALAIS.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Bute is accused of advancing French interests. Bute and a witch escape England on a broom. Bute is greeted on his arrival in France by the "Young Pretender." It was said that when Bute faced political difficulties, he was in the habit of going abroad. Images include: Britannia; Prince Charles Edward (the Young Pretender); the Devil as a satyr; witch on a broom.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1768
THE many Headed MONSTER of S …
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London] Publish'd according …
Title THE many Headed MONSTER of SUMATRA, or LIBERTY'S EFFORTS against MINISTERIAL OPRESSION; A VISION.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A dragon attacks John Wilkes. Contest between the satirist, John Wilkes, and the government of the Duke of Grafton. Images include: Arbitrary Power as a dragon; William Wildman, Viscount Barrington; John Dunning, Lord Ashburton; John Stuart, Earl of Bute; the Devil as a Scot; George O'Brian Wyndham, Earl of Egremont, as a skull; John Glynn, sergeant-at-law; Marquis of Granby; Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley; Hell as a fiery castle; Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox; William Murray, Lord Mansfield; Eye of Providence; Charles Watson-Wentworth, Marquis Rockingham; W. de Gray, Lord Walsingham; William Warburton, Bishop of Gloucester; John Wilkes with liberty cap and staff of maintenance.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770). British political scene.
1768
The North Star.
Grafton administration (Dece …
[London]
Title The North Star.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description The Earl of Bute and the Earl of Chatham are shown as the prime movers of a government that is destroying constitutional rights. Images include: Britannia; William Pitt, Earl Chatham, in a feathered headdress; Marquis of Granby; Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley; William Murray, Earl of Mansfield; Earl of Northampton; Henry Zuylestein, Earl Rochford; William Warburton, Bishop of Gloucester; Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth; John Wilkes; Daniel Finch, Earl of Wincheslea.
Subject Grafton administration (December 1767-January 1770) British political scene.
1768
The Operation.
Grafton administration (Dece …
[London]
Title The Operation.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Suggests Bute's influence in the death of William Allen, reportedly at the hands of Scottish soldiers during the riot in St. George's Fields (May 10, 1768). Images include: William Allen, as wounded Britannia; William Wildman, Viscount Barrington; Marquis of Bath; William Pitt, Earl Chatham; Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley; William Murray, Earl Mansfield; William, Earl Talbot; Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth.
Subject Grafton administration (December 1767-January 1770) British political scene.
1768
The Pillars of the State.
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title The Pillars of the State.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Thomas Harley, Lord Mayor of London, and Justice Samuel Gillam are blamed for the violent suppression of the London riots, May 10, 1768. Images include: Britain as a shipwreck; Thomas Harley with a boot and a petticoat; soldiers firing on rioters; a prison; hangman's noose; John Wilkes.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1768
The Waistcoat.
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title The Waistcoat.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Symbolizing his influence and power over the government, Bute pulls a cart over a prostrate Britannia. On the cart, surrounded by a large plaid waistcoat, are members of the Grafton administration. The waistcoat refers to one worn by the "fat man," Edward Bright, which could surround six men. Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute; Britannia, prostrate.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1769
An Attempt to land a Bishop …
Tension between Britain and …
[London]
Title An Attempt to land a Bishop in America.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description On a quay, American colonists prevent the landing of a British ship carrying a bishop. A plan to establish an American bishopric was proposed in 1750 and revived again in 1768. Images include: New England colonists; liberty cap; bishop; ship called "The Hillsborough".
Subject Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1769
Janus. 1768-1769
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title Janus. 1768-1769
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Political dealings and marital problems of the Duke of Grafton. Images include: the Duke of Grafton as Janus; a thief; a fool.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1769
JOHN WILKES, Esq.
Tension between Britain and …
Boston
Title JOHN WILKES, Esq.
Image technique Woodcut
Narrative description Images include: John Wilkes, crowned with laurel, supported by Britannia as Minerva and by Hercules, who treads upon the "serpent of envy." A cupid carries a liberty cap and the books, "Lockes Works" and "Sidney on Government," lie open.
Subject Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1769
The Addressers
Grafton administration (Dece …
[London]
Title The Addressers
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A melée at the King's Arms tavern. "The Battle of Cornhill" (March 8, 1769), a violent outbreak during a meeting of London merchants who had gathered to sign an address to the king expressing confidence in the government. Images include: Charles Dingley; Reverend John Horne (Tooke); London merchants; Peter Muilman; John Reynolds (John Wilkes attorney); Samuel Vaughan.
Subject Grafton administration (December 1767-January 1770)
1769
THE CITY CARRIERS.
Tension between Britain and …
[London]
Title THE CITY CARRIERS.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description British political scene. At the entrance to St. James' Palace, the Livery of London presents petitions to the King. Images include: Thomas Beckford, Mayor of London; Robert Ladbroke, Mayor of London; Samuel Turner, Mayor of London; Liberty; officials of the City of London; Barlow Trecothnick; Truth.
Subject Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1769
The Machine to go without As …
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title The Machine to go without Asses.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description Suggests that the King, guiding the carriage of State, would crush the Arbitrary Faction of the Grafton administration and end the "secret influence" of John Stuart, Lord Bute. At this period the King was believed to be neglecting his duties, leaving their performance in the hands of his mother and her supposed lover, Bute. Images include: King of Austria; Britannia; Fame; King of France; George III, King of Great Britain; Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton; Henry Fox, Lord Holland; liberty cap; the Magna Carta; William Murray, Earl of Mansfield; King of Spain; staff of maintenance.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1769
What may be doing Abroad. Wh …
Grafton Administration (Dece …
[London]
Title What may be doing Abroad. What is doing at Home.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description British political scene. Foreign powers divide the world and plot against the British Empire, while the Ministry schemes at home. Images include: Duke of Bedford; King of France; George III. King of Great Britain; Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton; Henry Fox, Lord Holland, as a fox; William Murray, Earl of Mansfield; Empress Maria Teresa; King of Prussia; William Henry Zuylestein, Earl of Rochford; King of Spain; Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth.
Subject Grafton Administration (December 1767-January 1770).
1770
[THE FRUITS OF ARBITRARY POW …
Tension between England and …
[London]
Title [THE FRUITS OF ARBITRARY POWER, OR THE BLOODY MASSACRE, PERPETUATED IN KING STREET BOSTON ON MARCH 5TH 1770]
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Boston massacre.
Subject Tension between England and the American colonies.
1770
The Massacre perpetuated in …
Tension between Britain and …
[London]
Title The Massacre perpetuated in King Street Boston on March 5th. 1770, in which Messrs. Saml. Gray, Saml. Maverick, James Caldwell, Crispus Attucks, Patrick Carr were Killed, six others Wounded, two of them Mortally.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description The Boston Massacre.
Subject Tension between Britain and the American colonies.
1770
Political Electricity; or, A …
British political scene.
[London]
Title Political Electricity; or, An Historical & Prophetical Print in the Year 1770.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description A series of vignettes present Bute as a generator that draws power from the royal family, creating a chain of events throughout the world. Vignette 24 shows a prosperous Boston as a rival to London. Images include: William Wildman, Viscount Barrington; Thomas Beckford, Mayor of London; John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as an electrical machine; Charles Pratt, Baron Camden; Robert, Baron Clive; William Dowdeswell; Jeremiah Dyson; electricity machine; Benjamin Franklin; George III, King of Great Britain; Granville Leveson-Gower, Earl Gower; Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton; Fletcher Norton, Baron Grantley; George Grenville; King's Bench Prison; Frederick, Lord North; George Onslow (1731-1792); St. James Palace; Vice as a Fury; Virtue as a woman; Richard Whitworth.
Subject British political scene.
1770
Mr. Garrick delivering his O …
[London]
Title Mr. Garrick delivering his Ode, at Drury Lane Theatre, on dedicating a Building & erecting a Statue, to Shakespeare.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Homage to William Shakespeare. Images include: Drury Lane Theatre, London; David Garrick, actor.
1770
Mr. MACKLIN in the Character …
[London]
Title Mr. MACKLIN in the Character of SHYLOCK, in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Homage to William Shakespeare. Images include: Charles Macklin, the actor, as Shylock.
1770
The Royal Chace.
British political scene
[London]
Title The Royal Chace.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description George III and William Murray, Earl Mansfield, pursue three printers. Prosecution of the publishers John Almon, Henry Sampson Woodfall, and John Miller for selling and/or printing letters by "Jumius" critical of George III. Images include: Britain as an oak; George III, King of Great Britain; "Junius" in shadow; Sir Robert Ladbroke, Mayor of London, as the "father" of London; citizens of London; William Murray, Earl Mansfield.
Subject British political scene
1770
The Fortunate TRANSPORT.
Social satire
[London]
Title The Fortunate TRANSPORT.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Transportation of criminals to Virginia. Images include: Mrs. Branch; Polly Haycock.
Subject Social satire
1770
A Council.
British political scene.
[London]
Title A Council.
Image technique Engraving
Narrative description The King's supporters in the Privy Council express dismay at the presentation of petitions for grievances. Images include: William Wildman, Viscount Barrington; the Duke of Bedford; Frederick Cornwallis, Archbishop of Canterbury; Duke of Cumberland (George III's brother) as Folly; the Devil; Duke of Cumberland as Folly; Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton; William Murray, Earl Mansfield, wearing a Scotch bonnet; Frederick, Lord North, Earl of Guilford; Privy Council; Richard Rigby; John Montagu, Earl of Sandwich, as "Jemmy Twitcher"; York Petition.
Subject British political scene.
1770
A Game at Skittles.
British political scene.
[London]
Title A Game at Skittles.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description John Stuart, Earl of Bute, with St. Peter's, Rome, in the background, prepares to throw a ball at nine skittles. Represents Bute's influence, even when he is out of the country. Includes poetry. Images include: George III, King of Great Britain, and his family as 9 skittles.
Subject British political scene.
1770
A late LORD MAYOR of London.
Chatham Administration (Augu …
[London]
Title A late LORD MAYOR of London.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Engraving of a statue of William Beckford, Lord Mayor of London, an ardent supporter of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham. Beckford died June 21, 1770. On July 5, 1770 the Court of Common Council in London voted to erect a statue to his memory.
Subject Chatham Administration (August 1766-December 1767)
1770
BRITONS STRIKE HOME. An Old …
British political scene
[London]
Title BRITONS STRIKE HOME. An Old Song, to a New Tune.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Anti-Bute satire. The Earl of Bute is threatened by a beheading axe. Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as a boot.
Subject British political scene
1770
England's Friends.
British political scene.
[London]
Title England's Friends.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Four medallion portraits surround four clasped hands, clockwise: "Chatham, Temple, Rockingham, Camden." Celebration of "not guilty" verdict in the trial of the printer, John Miller, who reprinted Junius's Letter to the K--- in the London Evening Post (19 December, 1769). Images include: Charles Pratt, Baron Camden; Charles Watson-Wentworth, Charles Watson-Wentworth, Marquess of Rockingham; Richard Grenville, Earl Temple.
Subject British political scene.
1770
ISABELLA MOTHER of EDWARD II …
British political scene.
[London]
Title ISABELLA MOTHER of EDWARD IIID. AUGUSTA MOTHER of GEORGE IIID.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Attack on Earl of Bute's supposed affair with the Princess of Wales. Compares the influence of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, on Queen Isabella and her son Edward III to the influence of Bute on Augusta, mother of George III. Images include: head of John Stuart, Earl of Bute, on a pole; a jackboot.
Subject British political scene.
1770
JANUS.
British political scene
[London]
Title JANUS.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description Falkland Islands conflict (Dec. 11, 1770). Bute councils peace and Lord Chatham calls for war with France and Spain over the seizure of the Falkland Islands. Images include: John Stuart, Earl of Bute, as a boot; William Pitt, Earl Chatham; George iII, King of England, as Janus.
Subject British political scene
1770
LORD CHANCELLOR SOMERS. LORD …
British political scene
[London]
Title LORD CHANCELLOR SOMERS. LORD CHANCELOR CAMDEN.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description The so-called "fair" judges. Images include: Charles Pratt, Baron Camden; Lord Chancellor John Somers, Baron Somers.
Subject British political scene
1770
LORD CHIEF JUSTICE JEFFRIES. …
British political scene
[London]
Title LORD CHIEF JUSTICE JEFFRIES. LORD CHIEF JUSTICE MANSFIELD.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description The so-called "tyrannical" judges. Images include: Lord Chief Justice George Jeffreys, Baron Jeffreys; William Murray, Earl Mansfield.
Subject British political scene
1770
Sir Robert Ladbroke aiming a …
British political scene
[London]
Title Sir Robert Ladbroke aiming at a Peerage.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description The disembodied hand of John Stuart, Earl of Bute, offers a crown to Ladbroke, who is stepping on prostrate citizens of London. Ladbroke is criticized for not supporting the City Remonstrance, which was presented to the King in March, 1770. It was assumed that Ladbroke was trying to gain the favor of Bute and the Court Party. Images include: a satyr.
Subject British political scene
1770
The Constitution.
British political scene.
[London]
Title The Constitution.
Image technique Etching
Narrative description John Stuart, Earl of Bute, tampers with the scales of justice signifying his supposed influence over the law courts. Images include: thistles.
Subject British political scene.
1770
The Guy Faux of 1770.
British political scene.
[London]
Title The Guy Faux of 1770.
Image technique Etching