Media Information

 
 
 
Collection:
JCB Archive of Early American Images
Accession number:
88-43
Record number:
88-43-22
JCB call number:
J696 Z98t / 2-SIZE
Image title:
Indianische Kresse. Nasturtium Indicum.
Place image published:
[Basel]
Image publisher:
[Jacob Bertsche]
Image date:
[1696]
Image function:
illustration; p. 424
Technique:
woodcut
Image dimension height:
12.7 cm.
Image dimension width:
6.5 cm.
Page dimension height:
36 cm.
Page dimension width:
22 cm.
Materials medium:
ink
Materials support:
paper
Description:
Nasturtium plant with its leaves, flowers, and roots.
Source creator:
Zwinger, Theodor, 1658-1724
Source Title:
Theatrum botanicum, das ist: Neu vollkommenes Kräuter-Buch, worinnen allerhand Erdgewächse der Bäumen, Stauden und Kraütern, welche in allen vier Theilen der Welt, sonderlich aber in Europa herfür kommen ...
Source place of publication:
Basel
Source publisher:
gedruckt und verlegt durch Jacob Bertsche
Source date:
M.DC.LXXXXVI. [1696]
notes:
The scientific name for the nasturtium is Tropaeolum majus. Also known as Indian cress, the plant is native to Mexico and South America, especially Bolivia and Colombia.Authorship according to British Museum (Natural History): This is based on Verzascha's edition of Pier Andrea Mattioli's "De Plantis Epitome utilissima..." from Verona, 1586, but so much altered and extended as practically to constitute a new work. Illustrated with about 1200 annotated woodcuts in the text by Gesner/ Camerarius (Iochino Camerario) originally used by Mattioli. Gesner had been preparing material for a massive historia plantarum but died before finishing the task. Camerarius acquired the material, utilized the woodcuts and supplemented them with his own designs. The woodcuts are remarkable in their scientific detail especially in the enlarged depictions of floral structure, seeds, and fruit. First appearing in 1586, these woodcuts became a convention in scientific botanical illustration. Zwinger was professor of physics and botany at Basel.
Time Period:
1651-1700
Subject Area:
Flora and fauna
geographic area:
Spanish America
Subject headings:
Botany--South America; Natural history--Central America; Natural history--South America; Botany--Central America; Nasturtiums
References:
Provenance/Donor:
Acquired in 1987.
Owner and copyright:
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912

Indianische Kresse. Nasturtium Indicum.