Media Information

Collection name:
JCB Archive of Early American Images
Accession number:
Record number:
JCB call number:
BA810 S244
Image title:
Aparicion del Santo Christo de Chalma
Creator 1:
Place image published:
Image publisher:
Image date:
Image function:
Image dimension height:
16.3 cm.
Image dimension width:
11.8 cm.
Page dimension height:
20 cm.
Page dimension width:
14.4 cm.
Materials medium:
Materials support:
Image of Christ Crucified [Cristo renovado] above a toppled and broken statue of a native American wearing feathered headdress. Also includes monks or priests (one with a cross), native Americans kneeling before the statue, devils, and angels.
Source creator:
Sardó, Joaquín, 1760?-1823
Source Title:
Relacion historica y moral de la portentosa imagen de N. Sr. Jesucristo crucificado aparecida en una de las cuevas de S. Miguel de Chalma ...
Source place of publication:
Source publisher:
Impresa en casa de Arizpe
Source date:
Now the second most visited Christian holy place in Mexico, Chalma originally had a sacred cave with a statue of Ozteotl [Oztoteotl], the Dark Lord of the Cave. In 1539, Fray Nicholás de Perea gave a sermon to the Indians. Three days later the statue was in pieces, replaced by a life-size image of a black Christ Crucified. In 1683, the image was placed in a church especially consecrated for its worship. In the eighteenth century the image was destroyed by fire.
Time Period:
Acquired in 1965.
Owner and copyright:
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
geographic area:
Spanish America
Subject Area:
Artifacts, industry, and human activities
Subject Area:
Indigenous peoples
Subject headings:
Chalma (Mexico, Mexico)--Church history
Subject headings:
Jesus Christ--Apparitions and miracles--Mexico

Aparicion del Santo Christo de Chalma