Media Information

Collection name:
JCB Archive of Early American Images
Accession number:
Record number:
JCB call number:
Codex Ind 2
Image title:
Place image published:
Image date:
[ca. 1585]
Image function:
illustration; verso leaf 155
painting, manuscript
Image dimension height:
17.7 cm.
Image dimension width:
10.2 cm.
Page dimension height:
21 cm.
Page dimension width:
15.2 cm.
Materials medium:
ink, watercolor
Materials support:
A man wearing a double necklace of blue beads with gold bells balances an upright rope with the figure eight at its end. Above his head is a man pouring water from a vessel. The text describes how the gods stretch and sustain the machine of the world, so that the great violence of the winds does not destroy it.
Source creator:
Tovar, Juan de, ca. 1546-ca. 1626
Source Title:
Historia de la benida de los yndios apoblar a Mexico de las partes remotas de Occidente los sucessos y perigrinaçiones del camino su gouierno, ydolos y templos dellos, ritos y cirimonias ... calandarios delos tiempos
Source place of publication:
Source date:
ca. 1585
This month, identified as January, is called Stretching. Only Tovar, among known commentators on the Aztec calendar, describes this month as being the symbol of a dynamic cosmos. This month is often identified with the rites of weavers whose patron goddess was Ilamatecuhtli. The Tovar manuscript is divided into three sections. This third section of the manuscript contains the Tovar calendar which records a continuous Mexican calendar with months, weeks, days, dominical letters, and church festivals of a Christian 365-day year.
Time Period:
Kubler, G. & Gibson, C. The Tovar Calendar, Memoirs of the Connecticut Academy of Arts & Sciences, vol. XI, p. 34
Acquired from the collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps in 1946.
Owner and copyright:
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
geographic area:
Spanish America
Subject Area:
Indigenous peoples
Subject headings:
Mexico--History--To 1519
Subject headings:
Indians of Mexico
Subject headings:
Aztec calendar