Media Information

 
 
 
Collection:
JCB Archive of Early American Images
Accession number:
30289
Record number:
30289-125
JCB call number:
Codex Ind 2
Image title:
Ochpaniztli
Place image published:
[Mexico]
Image date:
[ca. 1585]
Image function:
illustration; verso leaf 151
Technique:
painting, manuscript
Image dimension height:
17.9 cm.
Image dimension width:
14.4 cm.
Page dimension height:
21 cm.
Page dimension width:
15.2 cm.
Materials medium:
ink, watercolor
Materials support:
paper
Languages:
Nahuatl
Description:
A staff wrapped with strips decorated with chevron marks circled by a knot is surmounted by three brooms. The text describes the month as being one in which womanly tasks were honored by honoring the mother goddess who swept the house of her son, Huitzilopochtli. Next to the staff is a scale.
Source creator:
Tovar, Juan de, ca. 1546-ca. 1626
Source Title:
Historia de la benida de los yndios apoblar a Mexico de las partes remotas de Occidente los sucessos y perigrinaçiones del camino su gouierno, ydolos y templos dellos, ritos y cirimonias ... calandarios delos tiempos
Source place of publication:
Mexico
Source date:
ca. 1585
notes:
This month, identified as September with the astrological symbol of Virgo, is called Sweeping away. This month was dedicated to the goddess, Toci. The cotton strips are called tetuitl and symbolize Toci, Teteo innan, or Tlaçolteotl, all variant names for an earth goddess and moon goddess.
The Tovar manuscript is divided into three sections. This third section of the manuscript contains the Tovar calendar which records a continuous Mexican calendar with months, weeks, days, dominical letters, and church festivals of a Christian 365-day year.
Time Period:
1492-1600
Subject Area:
Indigenous peoples
geographic area:
Spanish America
Subject headings:
Aztec calendar; Indians of Mexico; Mexico--History--To 1519
References:
Kubler, G. & Gibson, C. The Tovar Calendar, Memoirs of the Connecticut Academy of Arts & Sciences, vol. XI, p. 28-29
Provenance/Donor:
Acquired from the collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps in 1946.
Owner and copyright:
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
Commentary:

Ochpaniztli