Media Information

Collection name:
JCB Archive of Early American Images
Accession number:
Record number:
JCB call number:
Codex Ind 2
Image title:
Place image published:
Image date:
[ca. 1585]
Image function:
illustration; verso leaf 151
painting, manuscript
Image dimension height:
17.9 cm.
Image dimension width:
14.4 cm.
Page dimension height:
21 cm.
Page dimension width:
15.2 cm.
Materials medium:
ink, watercolor
Materials support:
A staff wrapped with strips decorated with chevron marks circled by a knot is surmounted by three brooms. The text describes the month as being one in which womanly tasks were honored by honoring the mother goddess who swept the house of her son, Huitzilopochtli. Next to the staff is a scale.
Source creator:
Tovar, Juan de, ca. 1546-ca. 1626
Source Title:
Historia de la benida de los yndios apoblar a Mexico de las partes remotas de Occidente los sucessos y perigrinaçiones del camino su gouierno, ydolos y templos dellos, ritos y cirimonias ... calandarios delos tiempos
Source place of publication:
Source date:
ca. 1585
This month, identified as September with the astrological symbol of Virgo, is called Sweeping away. This month was dedicated to the goddess, Toci. The cotton strips are called tetuitl and symbolize Toci, Teteo innan, or Tlaçolteotl, all variant names for an earth goddess and moon goddess. The Tovar manuscript is divided into three sections. This third section of the manuscript contains the Tovar calendar which records a continuous Mexican calendar with months, weeks, days, dominical letters, and church festivals of a Christian 365-day year.
Time Period:
Kubler, G. & Gibson, C. The Tovar Calendar, Memoirs of the Connecticut Academy of Arts & Sciences, vol. XI, p. 28-29
Acquired from the collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps in 1946.
Owner and copyright:
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
geographic area:
Spanish America
Subject Area:
Indigenous peoples
Subject headings:
Mexico--History--To 1519
Subject headings:
Indians of Mexico
Subject headings:
Aztec calendar