Media Information

 
 
 
Collection:
JCB Archive of Early American Images
Accession number:
30289
Record number:
30289-117
JCB call number:
Codex Ind 2
Image title:
Toçoztõtli
Place image published:
[Mexico]
Image date:
[ca. 1585]
Image function:
illustration; verso leaf 147
Technique:
painting, manuscript
Image dimension height:
18.5 cm.
Image dimension width:
7.9 cm.
Page dimension height:
21 cm.
Page dimension width:
15.2 cm.
Materials medium:
ink, watercolor
Materials support:
paper
Languages:
Nahuatl
Description:
A bird with yellow feathers is shown stabbed with a bone tool. Also included is a bull and moon, as well as a symbol with many leaves.
Source creator:
Tovar, Juan de, ca. 1546-ca. 1626
Source Title:
Historia de la benida de los yndios apoblar a Mexico de las partes remotas de Occidente los sucessos y perigrinaçiones del camino su gouierno, ydolos y templos dellos, ritos y cirimonias ... calandarios delos tiempos
Source place of publication:
Mexico
Source date:
ca. 1585
notes:
This month, identified as April with the astrological symbol of a bull, and known as Tozoztontli, or Little vigil, commemorated the festival of bird sacrifices which took place during the month. The Nahuatl word for yellow, toz, connects the month and the bird depicted. In the upper left corner, the motif may be interpreted as the tunic of a female corn deity, Centeotl, which is often identified with the following month.
The Tovar manuscript is divided into three sections. This third section of the manuscript contains the Tovar calendar which records a continuous Mexican calendar with months, weeks, days, dominical letters, and church festivals of a Christian 365-day year.
Time Period:
1492-1600
Subject Area:
Indigenous peoples
geographic area:
Spanish America
Subject headings:
Aztec calendar; Indians of Mexico; Mexico--History--To 1519
References:
Kubler, G. & Gibson, C. The Tovar Calendar, Memoirs of the Connecticut Academy of Arts & Sciences, vol. XI, p. 23-24
Provenance/Donor:
Acquired from the collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps in 1946.
Owner and copyright:
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
Commentary:

Toçoztõtli