Media Information

Collection name:
JCB Archive of Early American Images
Accession number:
Record number:
JCB call number:
Codex Ind 2
Image title:
Place image published:
Image date:
[ca. 1585]
Image function:
illustration; verso leaf 147
painting, manuscript
Image dimension height:
18.5 cm.
Image dimension width:
7.9 cm.
Page dimension height:
21 cm.
Page dimension width:
15.2 cm.
Materials medium:
ink, watercolor
Materials support:
A bird with yellow feathers is shown stabbed with a bone tool. Also included is a bull and moon, as well as a symbol with many leaves.
Source creator:
Tovar, Juan de, ca. 1546-ca. 1626
Source Title:
Historia de la benida de los yndios apoblar a Mexico de las partes remotas de Occidente los sucessos y perigrinaçiones del camino su gouierno, ydolos y templos dellos, ritos y cirimonias ... calandarios delos tiempos
Source place of publication:
Source date:
ca. 1585
This month, identified as April with the astrological symbol of a bull, and known as Tozoztontli, or Little vigil, commemorated the festival of bird sacrifices which took place during the month. The Nahuatl word for yellow, toz, connects the month and the bird depicted. In the upper left corner, the motif may be interpreted as the tunic of a female corn deity, Centeotl, which is often identified with the following month. The Tovar manuscript is divided into three sections. This third section of the manuscript contains the Tovar calendar which records a continuous Mexican calendar with months, weeks, days, dominical letters, and church festivals of a Christian 365-day year.
Time Period:
Kubler, G. & Gibson, C. The Tovar Calendar, Memoirs of the Connecticut Academy of Arts & Sciences, vol. XI, p. 23-24
Acquired from the collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps in 1946.
Owner and copyright:
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
geographic area:
Spanish America
Subject Area:
Indigenous peoples
Subject headings:
Mexico--History--To 1519
Subject headings:
Indians of Mexico
Subject headings:
Aztec calendar