Media Information

 
 
 
Collection:
JCB Archive of Early American Images
Accession number:
30289
Record number:
30289-109
JCB call number:
Codex Ind 2
Image title:
7a Modo de pelear entre el que avia de sacrificar, y ser sacrificado.
Place image published:
[Mexico]
Image date:
[ca. 1585]
Image function:
plate; recto leaf 134
Technique:
painting
Image dimension height:
13 cm.
Image dimension width:
18.6 cm.
Page dimension height:
21 cm.
Page dimension width:
15.2 cm.
Materials medium:
watercolor
Materials support:
paper
Languages:
Spanish
Description:
Scene of sacrifice. The victim, with white feathers in his hair and a shield with the signs of the five directions of space, fights a warrior dresssed in jaguar skin holding a war club, shield, and wearing feathered headdress.
Source creator:
Tovar, Juan de, ca. 1546-ca. 1626
Source Title:
Historia de la benida de los yndios apoblar a Mexico de las partes remotas de Occidente los sucessos y perigrinaçiones del camino su gouierno, ydolos y templos dellos, ritos y cirimonias ... calandarios delos tiempos
Source place of publication:
Mexico
Source date:
ca. 1585
notes:
This sacrificial rite was celebrated on the festival of tlacaxipehualiztli in honor of Xipe Tótec. Xipe Tótec, "our flayed lord," was the god of agriculture, death, rebirth, and the seasons. At his festival in the spring, men were sacrificed by tying them to an altar stone, called the temalacatl. Once defeated, the victim was flayed and eaten. A description of this festival is given in the Codex Durán.
Image is placed horizontally on page.
The Tovar manuscript is divided into three sections. This second section of the manuscript--the text, with illustrations, of the history of the Aztecs--is essentially the same as the Codex Ramírez and forms the main body of the manuscript.
Time Period:
1492-1600
Subject Area:
Artifacts, industry, and human activities; Indigenous peoples
geographic area:
Spanish America
Subject headings:
Aztecs--Religion; Indians of Mexico; Mexico--History--To 1519
References:
Lafaye, J. Manuscript Tovar, p. 290; Durán, D. The Aztecs, p. 353
Provenance/Donor:
Acquired from the collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps in 1946.
Owner and copyright:
©John Carter Brown Library, Box 1894, Brown University, Providence, R.I. 02912
Commentary:

7a Modo de pelear entre el que avia de sacrificar, y ser sacrificado.